LIST OF RIGHTEOUS COMPANIONS OF IMAMS /HADITH NARRATORS

also see Ulama info

 from Nuqoosh Ismat Book
After the Ghaiba (Occultation) of our 12th Imam (a.s.), it is our Ulema and religious scholars who have kept the bright light of Islam glowing in the face of darkness and jahiliya (ignorance)

Companions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.)

1.Salman (r.a.)........................... 77
2.Abu Zar ............... 78
3.Miqdad Ibne Aswad .............. 79
4.Bilal Ibne Riyah ..................... 79
5.Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari ................. 80
6.Huzaifah Ibne Yaman Anasi ..... 80
7.Abu Ayyub Ansari ....... 81
8.Khuzaimah Ibne Thabit Ansari ...... 81
9.Zaid Ibne Haritha Ibne Sharahil Kalbi............ 82
10.Saad Ibne Ubadah Ibne Dulaym Ibne Haritha al-Khazraji Ansari
11.Abu Dujana Ansari ........................ 83
12.Ammar Ibne Yasir ......................... 83
13.Malik Ibne Nuwaira Hanafi Yarbui ....................... 84


Imam Ali(as) Companions.

1- Asbagh Ibne Nubatah .............. 185
2- Owais Qarni ............................. 185
3- Harith Ibne Abdullah Awar Hamadani ............. 186
4- Hujr Ibne Adi Kandi Kufi ....... 187
5- Rushaid Hujri .......................... 188
6- Zaid Ibne Sauhan Abdi ............ 188
7- Sulaiman Ibne Surad Khuzai ... 189
8- Sahal Ibne Hunaif Ansari ........ 189
9- Saasa Ibne Suhan Abdi ............ 189
10- Abul Aswad Zalim bin Zalim Duali ....... 190
11- Abdullah Ibne Jafar Tayyar.. 190
12- Adi Ibne Hatim Tai................ 191
13- Amr Ibnul Hamaq Khuzai ..... 191
14- Qambar .................................. 192
15- Kumail Ibne Ziyad Nakhai .... 192
16- Malik Ibne Harith Ashtar Nakhai ........... 193
17- Muhammad Ibne Abi Bakr Ibne Abi Qahafa ......... 194
18- Mitham Ibne Yahya Tammar 194
19- Hashim Ibne Ataba Ibne Abi Waqqas Mirqal ...... 195

Imam Hassan (as) Imam Hussain (as) Imam Zainul Abideen (as) ( covered elsewhere )

5 th Imam Baqer (as)Companions and students .
1- Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari ....................................................... 522
2- Abdul Basir Laith Ibne Bakhtari Muradi ........................................ 523
3- Abu Basir Abdullah Ibne Muhammad Asadi .................................. 523
4- Abu Basir Yahya Ibne Qasim Asadi ............................................... 523
5- Zurarah Ibne Ayyin ................. 524
6- Muhammad Ibne Muslim Thaqafi Kufi ............ 524
7- Jabir Ibne Yazid Jofi................ 525

6 th Imam Jafer Sadiq (as) Companions .
1- Aban Ibne Taghlib ................... 557
2- Ishaq Ibne Ammar Sairafi Kufi ........... 558
3- Buraid Ibne Muawiyah Ajali Kindi ................... 559
4- Abu Hamza Thumali ............... 559
5- Hareeth Ibne Abdullah Sajistani............................................. 559
6- Humran Ibne Ayyin Shaibani .. 560
7- Zurarah Ibne Ayyin ................. 560
8- Safwan Ibne Mahran Jammal Asadi Kufi ....................................... 561
9- Abdullah Ibne Abi Yafur ......... 561
10- Fuzail Ibne Yasar Basri ......... 561
11- Faiz Ibne Mukhtar Kufi ......... 562
12- Laith Ibne Bakhtari ................ 563
13- Muhammad Ibne Ali Ibne Noman Kufi ........................................ 563
14- Muhammad Ibne Muslim Ibne Riyah Tahhan Thaqafi Kufi
15- Maaz Ibne Kathir Kasai Kufi 566
16- Mualla Ibne Khunais Bazzaz Kufi ................. 566
17- Hisham Ibne Muhammad Ibne Saib Kalbi .................................... 567
18- Yunus Ibne Zabyan Kufi ....... 567

7 th Imam Musa Al Kazim(as) Companions and students
1- Hammad Ibne Isa..................... 642
2- Abu Abdullah Abdur Rahman Ibne Hajjaj Bajali Kufi ................... 642
3- Abdullah Ibne Jundab Bajali Kufi ................................................... 643
4- Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibne Mughira Bajali Kufi .................... 644
5- Abdullah Ibne Yahya Kahili Kufi ........................ 644
6- Ali Ibne Yaqtin ........................ 645
7- Mufaddal Ibne Umar Kufi Jofi 646
8- Abu Muhammad Hisham Ibne Hikam ....................................
9- Yunus Ibne Abdur Rahman
10- Yunus Ibne Yaqub Bajali Dahni ................................................... 648

8th Imam Ali Ridha(as) Companions and Students .
1- Dibil Ibne Ali al-Khuzai .......... 671
2- Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Ziyad al-Washa Bajali Kufi ................. 672
3- Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Faddal Yatumuli Kufi ............... 673
4- Hasan Ibne Mahbub Sarrad Bajali Kufi ................................ 674
5- Zakariya Ibne Adam Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ashari Qummi
6- Safwan Ibne Yahya Abu Muhammad Bajali Kufi .......................... 675
7- Muhammad Ibne Ismail Ibne Bazi ........................... 676
8- Nasr Ibne Qabus ...................... 677

9 th Imam Mohammed Taqi(as) Companions and students
1- Abu Jafar Ahmad Ibne Muhammad Ibne Abi NasrBazanti Kufi
2- Abu Muhammad Fazl Ibne Shazan Ibne Khalil AzdiNishapuri
3- Abu Tammam Habib Ibne Aws Tai ................... 721
4- Abul Hasan Ali Ibne Mahziyar Ahwazi .......................................... 721
5- Thiqatul Islam Muhammad Ibne Abi Umair Baghdadi .................. 722
6- Muhammad Ibne Sinan Abu Jafar Zahiri ....................................... 723
7- Ayyub Ibne Nuh Ibne Darraj Kufi ............................ 723
8- Jafar Ibne Muhammad Ibne Yunus Ahwal ............. 723
9- Husain Ibne Saeed Ahwazi...... 723
10- Ali Ibne Asbat Ibne Saalim ... 724

10 th Imam Ali Naqi Al Hadi (as) Companions .
1- Husain Ibne Saeed Ibne Hammad Ibne Saeed Ibne Mahran Ahwazi ............... 749
2- Khairan, servant of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) ................ 749
3- Abu Hashim Jafar Dawood Ibne Qasim Ibne Ishaq IbneAbdullah Ibne Jafar Ibne Abi Talib ......... 750
4- Abdul Azeem Ibne Abdullah Ibne Ali Ibne Hasan IbneZaid Ibne Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Abi Talib....... 750
5- Ali Ibne Jafar Haminawi ........ 751
6- Ibne Sikkit Ibne Yaqub Ibne Ishaq Ahwazi ............ 751

11 th Imam Hassan Askari(as) companions
1- Abu Ali Ahmad Ibne Ishaq Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ibne Malik Ahwas Ashari.
2- Ahmad Ibne Muhammad Ibne Mutahhir ...................... 781
3- Abu Sahl Ismail Ibne Ali Ibne Ishaq Ibne Abi Sahl Ibne Naubakht

12th Imam -Four Special Deputies .
1- Uthman bin Saeed Amri .......... 829
2- Muhammad Ibne Uthman Ibne Saeed Amri................ 830
3- Husain Ibne Rauh .................... 832
4- Abul Hasan Ali Ibne Muhammad Samari ................ 833
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Companions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.)
There is no doubt that Almighty Allah bestowed to HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.) such family members Ahle Bayt (a.s.), thattheir equals are not found even among prophets and messengersand He bestowed all of them ornaments of infallibility anddeclared them to be implication of verse of Purification. But inspite of that, their character cannot be considered as masterpieceof training of Prophet as these personalities because oftheir purity and infallibility were not in need of that kind oftraining, which is considered as masterpiece of a trainer. Therewas need of some other persons also who were different frommembers of family of purity and infallibility and were like otherordinary people. And that Prophet should train them in knowledgeand practice and make them as masterpieces of his training.These same personalities are known as companions ofProphet whom Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) shaped into perfect characterseven though they were basically nothing and who bearthe stamp of the complete training of Prophet. Without theirmention, discussion regarding services of Prophet remains incompleteand in their list also, only names of such persons canbe included, whose character is eligible to become masterpieceof Prophet; otherwise those who had embraced Islam for personalinterests or those who entered service of Prophet cannotbe included in this list even though they might have beenhonored with title of companionship. Below we would mentiononly some of these luminaries, in addition to whom others canalso be included; but it is not possible to mention all one hundredand fourteen thousand persons, who are included among companions of Prophet some of whose characters were an insultto Islam, on the contrary an insult to humanity and it isalso inappropriate to mention them with mention of HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.). Among righteous companions of Prophet,the following were most prominent:

Salman (r.a.)
He was originally from Persia and called as Persian, but HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.) included him among his Ahle Bayt deeminghim as Salman Muhammadi. Regarding him, the Messenger of64Allah (s.a.w.s.) also said: Salman is the sea, which would neverdry up and a treasure, which would never be exhausted. He isfrom us, Ahle Bayt; he is bestowed with divine proof and he bestowseffulgence of wisdom. Amirul Momineen (a.s.) comparedhim to Hakim Luqman and Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) declaredthat he was superior to Hakim Luqman. Salman was includedamong the four persons that Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) was commandedto love and for whom Paradise was eager. Once UmarIbne Khattab asked him about his lineage and he said: I wasdeviated and Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) guided me; I was poor andAlmighty Allah made me needless through the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w.s.); I was a slave and the Lord emancipated methrough him; this is my genealogy. That is, I have no relationshipwith anyone except with the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.).In the Battle of Khandaq, it was Salman who suggested diggingof the ditch.In 36 A.H. he passed away in Madayan; Amirul Momineen(a.s.) went from Medina to Madayan the same night and performed his funeral rituals. Jafar Tayyar and Prophet Khizr(a.s.) also participated in the funeral prayer and thousands ofangels also performed it.11 Hayatul Quloob, Vol. 2, Chapter 59, Pg. 933; SeeratMasoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 141

Abu Zar
His name was Jundab Ibne Junadah and Abu Zar was his Kunniyat. He was the third, fourth or the fifth person to embrace Islam. After converting to Islam he went back to his nativeplace and therefore could not participate in the Battles of Badr, Uhad and Khandaq. After Salman Muhammadi, he wasnext in rank from the aspect of faith. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.)had compared him to be a replica of Prophet Isa (a.s.) and declaredthat no one under the sun was more truthful than AbuZar. Abu Zar was included among those whom the Prophet wascommanded to love and for whom Paradise was eager. Duringthe reign of Umar he moved to Syria and continued to residethere till Uthmans reign and regularly condemned the tyrannyof Muawiyah. So much so that he complained to Uthman andthe latter summoned him to Medina. As per the orders, Muawiyah sent him to Medina on such a camel andwith such a driver that by the time he reached Medina, eventhe flesh of his thighs was worn out. On reaching Medina hecriticized the style of Uthmans working as a result of which hewas exiled to Rabdha and it was proclaimed that no one shouldgo out to see him off. But Amirul Momineen (a.s.) participated in the farewell of Abu Zar along with his sons and Abu Zar reached Rabdha in such a way that his son, Zar, died on theway and on reaching there, his wife also passed away. At lasthe also passed away leaving behind a daughter who informed acaravan passing from there under leadership of Malik Ashtar,who supervised the funeral of Abu Zar while Abdullah IbneMasud recited the funeral prayers and in 31 or 32 A.H. this respectedand truthful companion of the Prophet was laid to rest.According to Malik Ashtar, Abu Zar was given a shroud worthfour thousand dirhams and in this way the prediction of theProphet was also proved true.11 Hayatul Quloob, Vol. 2, Chapter 60, Pg. 964; SeeratMasoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 142


Miqdad Ibne Aswad
His Kunniyat was Abu Mabad and the real name of his fatherwas Amr; but since Aswad Ibne Abde Yaghus had adopted him,he became famous as Ibne Aswad. He is also included among those whom the Prophet was commanded to love and in whose eagerness Paradise was restless. His wife was Zaba-a binteZubair Ibne Abdul Muttalib and he participated in all thebattles in the company of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.).He died in Jarf, at a distance of one Farsakh from Medina in33 A.H. and was buried in Jannatul Baqi, but it is regrettablethat his son, Mabad proved to be like son of Prophet Nuh (a.s.)and in the Battle of Jamal he joined the army of Ayesha againstAmirul Momineen (a.s.) and was finally killed there, whereasMiqdad had never even doubted in the rightfulness and greatnessof Amirul Momineen (a.s.).1 1Hayatul Quloob, Vol. 2, Chapter 61, Pg. 991Bilal Ibne Riyah His Kunniyat was Abu Abdullah and Abu Amr and his motherwas Jumana. He had participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhad66 and Khandaq etc. When Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) had appointedhim as Muezzin, people objected that he pronounced 全h as全; so it was revealed from Providence that in our view the 全of Bilal was same as 全h. After passing away of Messenger ofAllah (s.a.w.s.), he took an oath that he would never again recite Azaan. As a result of this, the sentence of 践ayya AlaaKhairil Amal was omitted. He died in 18 or 20 A.H. in Syriaand was buried at Babus Saghir.11 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 146

Bilal Ibne Riyah
His Kunniyat was Abu Abdullah and Abu Amr and his mother  was Jumana. He had participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhad and Khandaq etc. When Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) had appointed him as Muezzin, people objected that he pronounced 全h as 全; so it was revealed from Providence that in our view the 全弛f Bilal was same as 全h. After passing away of Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.), he took an oath that he would never again recite Azaan. As a result of this, the sentence of 践ayya A値aa Khairil Amal was omitted. He died in 18 or 20 A.H. in Syria
and was buried at Babus Saghir.1
1 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 146

Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari
He was considered a fighter of the Battle of Badr. HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.) had conveyed salutations to Imam Baqir(a.s.) through him. He participated in most battles in the companyof the Prophet and stayed on side of Amirul Momineen(a.s.) during the Battle of Siffeen. He used to announce the followingtradition in the streets of Medina: Ali is the best of humanbeings and one who denies this would become an apostate. He also used to say: Test your children through the love of Ali and if they refuse, you must inspect the character of their mothers.He passed away in 78 A.H. at the age of more than ninetyyears and he was the last companion to pass away. Huzaifah Ibne Yaman AnasiHe was considered among the sincere companions of HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.) and Amirul Momineen (a.s.). He participatedin the Battle of Uhad along with his father and brother. Hisfather was martyred in this battle. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) hadinformed him of the identities of hypocrites; thus if he did notattend the funeral of a particular person, people used to concludethat he was a hypocrite. He became the governor ofMadayan after Salman and passed away before the Battle of Jamal. Huzaifah is included among the seven who attended the funeral of Lady Fatima (s.a.).11 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 147

Huzaifah Ibne Yaman Anasi
He was considered among the sincere companions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and Amirul Momineen (a.s.). He participated in the Battle of Uhad along with his father and brother. His father was martyred in this battle. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) had informed him of the identities of hypocrites; thus if he did not attend the funeral of a particular person, people used to conclude that he was a hypocrite. He became the governor of Madayan after Salman and passed away before the Battle of Jamal. Huzaifah is included among the seven who attended the funeral of Lady Fatima (s.a.).1
1 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 147

Abu Ayyub Ansari
His name was Khalid Ibne Zaid. He had participated in Badrand other battles. After the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.), he participated in the Battles of Jamal, Siffeen and Nahrawan onside of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). After Hijrah, Holy Prophet(s.a.w.s.) had initially resided at his place and he served theProphet in the best way. In Siffeen, he had attacked the tent of Muawiyah but the latter fled from there. After that from theside of Muawiyah, Mutaraffa bin Mansut attacked the tent of Imam Ali (a.s.), so Abu Ayyub slashed his sword in such a waythat he was decapitated but the foe remained on the back ofthe horse till the animal stumbled toppling the head.He went to fight the Romans during the time of Muawiyah and passed away there. In his last moments, he made a bequest that he should be buried on the battlefield only. Thus hewas buried near Istanbul but after conclusion of the battlewhen Romans wanted to exhume his grave, it rained so heavilythat they considered it to be a miracle of Ayyub and they refrainedfrom this act and his tomb became a place of visitationfor the people. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) had also predicted thatone of his companions would be buried near Constantinople.11 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 148

Khuzaimah Ibne Thabit Ansari
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) had declared that his testimony was equal to that of two persons; that is why he was called as Zu-Shahadatain (having two testimonies). He participated in theBattle of Badr and other battles and after that he remained inthe group of Imam Ali (a.s.). So much so that after the martyrdomof Ammar Yasir in Siffeen, he undertook a severe attackon the enemy forces and he was also martyred because of that.The companions whom Amirul Momineen (a.s.) had mentionedin the sermons of the final period of his life, included Ammar,Ibne Taihan and Zuhahadatain; who are mentioned exclusively.11 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg.

Zaid Ibne Haritha Ibne Sharahil Kalbi
Hakim Ibne Hizam had purchased him from the Ukaz marketfor Lady Khadija (s.a.) and she gifted him to Holy Prophet(s.a.w.s.). Haritha came to get him emancipated, but he refusedto go with him and preferred the slavery of Prophet tofreedom. Haritha disowned him because of this and so Prophet adopted him. Later he also gave his cousin, Zainab binte in marriage to him.He participated in the Battle of Mutah in the company ofJafar Tayyar as the standard bearer and was martyred there.The name of his son was Usamah and so he is also called as Abu Usamah.1
1Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 150

Saad Ibne Ubadah Ibne Dulaym Ibne Haritha al-Khazraji Ansari
He had attended the allegiance of Aqba and the Battle ofBadr. At the time of conquest of Mecca, the standard of Ansar was held by him. He was considered to be among the mostgenerous persons among Arabs from the time of his grandfather.On the occasion of Saqifah, the Ansar had tried to makehim as their chief but there was so much clamor that he was about to be trampled to death and Umar issued orders for his killing upon which his son, Qays, caught the collar of Umar and Saad returned alive, but he continuously refused the allegiance of Abu Bakr. Finally during the reign of Umar he moved toSyria and he used to go out to meet his clans every week. One day agents of the regime shot him dead with an arrow and inwas publicized that he has been killed by Jinns.11 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 151

Abu Dujana Ansari
He is included among the great and brave companions andhis amulet is famous. He took part in the Battle of Yamama andwhen the associates of Musailima Kazzab took shelter in Hadiqatul Rahman, he entered the orchard in a special artful manner and slew a large number of foes. So much so that he was himself also martyred and according to another account he survived till the Battle of Siffeen and fought from the side of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). In any case, his name is found in thelist of those who would arise from the rear of Kufa to join the forces of the Imam of the Age (a.s.), because he had supported the Prophet in the most severe circumstances when the majorityof companions had deserted him.11 Seerat Masoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 15269

Ammar Ibne Yasir
He was among the most prominent companions of the Prophetand the most loyal devotees of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). Hewas an ally of Bani Makhzum and his Kunniyat was Abu Yaqzan.The name of his father was Yasir and his mother was Sumayyah.He embraced Islam in the early period and faced untoldcalamities for the sake of Islam. So much so that the infidelsused to force these persons to lie down on the burningsand and coerce them to eschew faith. But they displayed incomparablesteadfastness and Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) gave glad tidings of Paradise to the family of Yasir.Ammars parents could no more bear those travails and theydeparted from the world and Ammar was compelled to utterwords of disbelief at the behest of the infidels on the basis ofwhich the verse of dissimulation was revealed and Almighty Allah declared his faith and tranquility of his heart. Sumayyah,the mother of Ammar was the first female martyr of Islam.Regarding Ammar, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) hadprophesied that he would be slain by a rebellious group and hislast diet on the earth would be a bowl of milk. Thus on 9th Safar,37 A.H. in the Battle of Siffeen he was martyred at the ageof ninety and after having a bowl of milk in his last moments hereferred to the prophecy of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and sacrificinghis life in the path of God, exposed the secret of the rebelliousgroup.11 Hayatul Quloob, Vol. 2, Chapter 58, Pg. 917; SeeratMasoomeen, Vol. 1, Pg. 153

Malik Ibne Nuwaira Hanafi Yarbui
He was among the most sincere companions of Holy Prophet(s.a.w.s.). He came to meet the Prophet along with his clansmen and requested him to teach the faith to them. He said:Confess: There is no god, except Allah; establish prayer, keep fasts, pay the Zakat, perform the Hajj and be devoted to my successor, Ali Ibne Abi Talib (a.s.). In addition to this it is also necessary to refrain from prohibited things. After this statement of the Prophet, when Malik came out of the meeting, hewas joyfully announcing: I have obtained faith from HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.) and His Eminence, said: One who likes to seea dweller of Paradise should see Malik. Thus some persons followed Malik and asked him to pray for their forgiveness asHoly Prophet (s.a.w.s.) has declared him to be a dweller of Paradise. Malik said: May Allah guide you in the right way; youhave left the Prophet and come to me, whereas he is the ownerof Paradise and it is at his discretion.When he came to Medina after the passing away of theProphet to find Abu Bakr on the pulpit, he objected to him:Who gave you this right in the presence of Ali? AbuBakr ordered his men to expel Malik from there and personslike Khalid bin Walid and Qunfuz drove him out. Malik decidedthat he would not pay Zakat to Abu Bakr as a result of whichhe was declared to be an apostate and was killed along withhis men through Khalid bin Walid. Khalid took all his women ascaptives and slept with his wife that same night; which earned Khalid the title of Sword of Allah (Saifullah) and it was decided that this naked sword should not be sheathed. Thus what can
be said about the future of Islam?1



Imam Ali(as) Companions


1- Asbagh Ibne Nubatah
He was one of the close confidants of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)and was considered among his treasures. There were some persons in the army of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) who had givenhim an oath of loyalty and he had promised Paradise to them.They were known as Shurtatul Khamis; Khamis is an army consistingof five parts: Right wing, left wing, central wing, vanguardand the rear wing. And it is called as Shurta on the basisof the vows that they have to take at the time of joining. AsbaghIbne Nubatah was from these. Some Muslim scholarshave considered his traditional reports unreliable only becausehe was extremely devoted to Imam Ali (a.s.).

2- Owais Qarni
The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) has extolled his merits andexpressed his desire to meet him and compared him to the fragranceof beneficence that comes from Yemen. He had taken ayears leave from his mother and come to Medina to meet HolyProphet (s.a.w.s.), but the latter was not present there. Being thoughtful of the obedience of his mother, he returned fromthere without meeting the Prophet, who praised this sentiment and remarked: Owais will be given the power to intercede fornumbers equal to members of Mudhir and Rabia tribes.Owais used to spend the whole night in bowing or prostrationand was considered as the eight most pious men of his times. In Siffeen, he continued to fight on the side of AmirulMomineen (a.s.) till he was martyred. (In Riqa, Syria, a grandmausoleum attributed to Owais is being constructed under thesupervision of the government of Iran. This humble servanthad the honor to visit this tomb a few times.).2We should know that following eight persons are consideredto be the most pious of all: Rabi Ibne Khaitham, Haram Ibne Hayyan, Owais Qarni, Aamid bin Abde Qays, Abu MuslimKhawlani, Masruq Ibnul Ajza, Hasan Ibne Abil Hasan andAswad Ibne Yazid. The first four being among close companionsof Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and the remaining are consideredfollowers of wrong path.

3- Harith Ibne Abdullah Awar Hamadani
He was a prominent personality of Hamadan tribe of Yemenand was a special companion of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). Histraditional reports are also included among the four collectionsof traditions and he is considered to be the one having themost insight, most responsible and most intelligent of thepeople. One night he arrived all of a sudden in eagerness of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). He said: Dont worry; I am present atthe bedside of each of my devotees so that he may depart fromthe world satisfied and content.We should know that Shaykh Bahai was from the descendantsof this same Harith Hamadani and hence sometimes he is also referred to as Harithi. Moreover, from the time of AmirulMomineen (a.s.) upto the time of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) 践amadaniindicated tribe of Hamadan and after that it was alsoconstrued to point out the city of Hamadan, which was foundedby Hamadan Ibne Faluh Ibne Saam Ibne Nuh (a.s.).

4- Hujr Ibne Adi Kandi Kufi
He was considered as a saint among the companions of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). He prayed a thousand units of prayers every day. He was the standard bearer of Kinda tribe in Siffeenand in Nahrawan he was the commander in chief of the forcesof Amirul Momineen (a.s.). A governor of Muawiyah orderedhim to imprecate Imam Ali (a.s.), but he went to the pulpit and cursed Muawiyah and his governor. As a result of whichhe was martyred in 51 A.H. and the following persons werealso martyred with him: Shareek Ibne Shaddad Hazrami, SaifiIbne Sahal Shaibani, Qabisa Ibne Zabiya Abasi, Majzar Ibne Shahab Munqiri, Kidam Ibne Hayyan Anazi and Abdur RahmanIbne Hassan Anazi. The tomb of these gentlemen is at MarajAzra near Damascus.The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) had prophesied that somepious members of the family of Islam would be buried at MarajAzra; due to which Ayesha lodged a severe protest againstMuawiyah, but what was the result of this protest?3

5- Rushaid Hujri
He was considered as a special confidante of Amirul Momineen(a.s.) and the bearer of his secrets. Thus when Mitham Tammar and Habib Ibne Mazahir were informing each otherabout his martyrdom and the people were bewildered, whenRushaid came over there and he added: The one who bringsthe head of Habib would be rewarded more handsomely.So the people expressed more astonishment. But at last all the predictions proved true. Ibne Ziyad summoned him and demandedthat he should express immunity from Imam Ali (a.s.).He said: It is impossible! Maula has informed that my hands,feet and tongue would all be cut off and I would be crucifiedfor my devotion to Ali (a.s.). Ibne Ziyad cut off his hands andfeet, but refused to cut off his tongue. When Rushaid began to disseminate the sciences of Imam Ali (a.s.) he was compelled to cut off his tongue as well.4

6- Zaid Ibne Sauhan Abdi

He was considered to be among the saints and abstemiouspersons. He achieved martyrdom during Battle of Jamal. WhenAyesha, due to her position of being the mother invited him tothe battle, he replied: You are asking to do something, whichis opposed to divine will and herself she has abandoned thatwhich was exactly according to divine will. (鄭nd stay in your houses5)Masjid Zaid is one of the most famous Masjids of Kufa. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) had given him the glad tidingsthat one of his limbs would enter Paradise before him.Thus in the Battle of Nahawand, one of his hands was severed.

 

7- Sulaiman Ibne Surad
KhuzaiHis name during the period of Ignorance was Yasar, but the Prophet renamed him as Yasat. He remained on the side ofAmirul Momineen (a.s.) during Battle of Siffeen. After Yazidcame to the throne, Sulaiman held a meeting at his house andinvited Imam Husain (a.s.) to come to Kufa, but he could nothelp the Imam in Kerbala as a result of which during 65 A.H.,he led a group of penitents and rose up to avenge Kerbala. A 30000 strong Syrian army was dispatched to put down his rebellion.They met enroute and a severe fight broke out betweenthem and he was martyred with the arrow of Sulaiman HusainIbne Numair and after that most of his companions were martyred.7

8- Sahal Ibne Hunaif Ansari.

He also participated in the Battles of Badr and Uhad and waspresent in the Battle of Siffeen on the side of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and he passed away in Kufa upon returning from Siffeen.Amirul Momineen (a.s.) recited 25 Takbirs in his funeral prayersand said: Even seventy takbirs are allowed for Sahal. At thetime of departing for Battle of Jamal Ali (a.s.) had appointedhim as governor of Medina.

9- Saasa Ibne Suhan Abdi
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) has said that among the companionsof Amirul Momineen (a.s.) those who were perfectly cognizant of the rights of Ali (a.s.) were Saasa and his companions. Hewas a Muslim of the period of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.), but couldnot meet the Prophet personally. When Muawiyah came toKufa, people sought his refuge. When Saasa arrived, Muawiyahsaid: There is no security for you until you go to the pulpit andcurse Ali. Saasa mounted the pulpit and cursed Muawiyah as aresult of which he was expelled from Kufa.8

10- Abul Aswad Zalim bin Zalim Duali.
He was among the intellectuals of his time and Amirul Momineen(a.s.) has taught Arabic syntax to him and trained him inputting diacritics and dots on the Holy Quran. When Muawiyah sent some sweets to his place, a five or six year old girl wantedto eat it, but he remarked: This Halwa is being sent as recompenseto dissociate with the love of Ali (a.s.). The little girl immediately replied: May God curse him; through Halwa of saffron he intends to make us split from the purifying Sayyid. May178 God destroy one who has sent it and one who will eat it. He passed away during the Plague of Basra in 69 A.H.9

11- Abdullah Ibne Jafar Tayyar
 
He was the first Muslim to be born in Abyssinia who after migrationcame to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) along with hisrespected father and remained in his service. Upon the martyrdomof Jafar Tayyar, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) gave condolence to him weeping and said to Asma binte Umais that I am now the guardian of these children.Abdullah was a very noble and charitable man and had a proverbial generosity. When some people criticized him for this hesaid: Almighty Allah has made me used to His nobility and Ihave made the beggars used to my philanthropy, now the danger is that if I stop my generosity, my Lord might also dothe same with me. He passed away in Medina in 80 A.H. and itis said that he had twenty or twenty-four children among whomwere Aun and Muhammad who were martyred in Kerbala.10

12- Adi Ibne Hatim Tai

He embraced Islam in 10 A.H. and its reason was that in 9A.H. the Islamic forces attacked the Tai tribe and destroyed the idol houses of that place and took those people as hostages.Adi fled to Syria and his sister was taken hostage. On reaching Medina, she pleaded to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) thather father was dead and her brother had fled; now he shouldbe kind to her. He said: If we find a reliable person, I wouldsend you to your brother. After some days, a group of peoplefrom Quza-a tribe were setting out and the Prophet sent her toSyria with them according to her wishes. On meeting herbrother, she mentioned the praiseworthy manners and qualitiesof the Prophet and Adi set out for Medina immediately andthe Prophet accorded great respect to him and made him sit inhis place; as a result of which he embraced Islam and afterthat he participated in Jamal, Siffeen and Nahrawan on theside of Imam Ali (a.s.). He passed away in 68 A.H. in Kufa.Once when he went to meet Muawiyah, he ridiculed him by asking him where his sons were. He replied: They are all martyred in the Battle of Siffeen. Muawiyah said: Ali has not donejustice with you that he had your sons killed and saved his own.Adi said: I have not justice with Ali that he is martyred while Iremain alive.11179

13- Amr Ibnul Hamaq Khuzai
He was considered a saintly personality always engrossed indevotions and he was also a disciple of Amirul Momineen (a.s.).He was at the side of Ali (a.s.) in all the battles. When Ziyad issuedcommand for his arrest, he moved to Mosul and tookrefuge in a cave, but he was stung by a snake and he passedaway there. When the soldiers of Ziyad saw the corpse, theycut off his head and brought it to Ziyad. He sent it to Muawiyahand he had it mounted on a spear point, which was the first head in Islam to have been raised on spear point; regarding which Imam Husain (a.s.) penned a letter of protest to Muawiyah.Once, when Amr presented drinking water to the Prophet,His Eminence prayed for him as a result of which not a singlestrand of hair greyed even when he reached eighty years of age.12 14- Qambar
He was among special slaves of Amirul Momineen (a.s.).When Hajjaj Thaqafi arrested him and asked: What wereyour duties at Alis place? He replied: I brought water for ablutionand the Imam recited the following verse of Quran afterablution: The unjust are going to be destroyed. Hajjaj said: Perhaps he implied me by that? He replied: Doubtlessly. Heasked: What will happen if I have you killed? He replied: Iwould be fortunate and you would be unfortunate. Hajjajordered his execution in fury.13

14- Qambar
He was among special slaves of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). When Hajjaj Thaqafi arrested him and asked: What were your duties at Ali痴 place? He replied: I brought water for ablution and the Imam recited the following verse of Quran after ablution: The unjust are going to be destroyed. Hajjaj said: Perhaps he implied me by that? He replied: Doubtlessly. He asked: What will happen if I have you killed? He replied: I
would be fortunate and you would be unfortunate. Hajjaj ordered his execution in fury.1

15- Kumail Ibne Ziyad Nakhai
He was considered as a special companion and a confidant of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). Dua Kumail is sufficient to prove hismajesty. When Hajjaj Thaqafi after becoming the governor ofIraq issued his arrest warrant, he went underground. Hajjajhad the pension of his community stopped. When Kumail cameto know about it, he came to his court and said: I cannot becomethe cause of stopping the livelihood of my people.Hajjaj said: I was looking for you so that I may punish you. He said: Definitely so, only a few days remain in my life. Afterthat both you and me would be presented in the court of ourreal master. Hajjaj signed his execution order and he was martyredat the age of 90 in 83 A.H. His mausoleum is well knownbetween Najaf and Kufa.14180

16- Malik Ibne Harith Ashtar Nakhai
He was among the very special companions of Amirul Momineen(a.s.) and considered to be most valiant person of histime. When Amirul Momineen (a.s.) sent him as governor for Egypt, Muawiyah bribed a landlord of that area with exemptionof twenty years tax to have him administered poison in ahoney drink and he succumbed to the poison of treason in Areesh. His last remain were brought to Medina and AmirulMomineen (a.s.) expressed shock at this tragedy and said: Malik was to me just as I was to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.).In spite of such valor, such was his piety that one day when aman threw rubbish at him in Kufa market, he moved onwithout saying anything. Someone who knew him happened tosee this and he warned the person who had thrown rubbish that he was Malik Ashtar. That man hastened to apologize, butfound him praying in a Masjid. After he concluded his devotionsthat man fell at his feet, but he said: I was seeking forgivenessfor you as you had committed a deadly sin.The covenant that Amirul Momineen (a.s.) had written forMalik Ashtar is still the best document of governance for everyruler and without acting on it, it is impossible to establishjustice and equity.1517- Muhammad Ibne Abi Bakr Ibne Abi Qahafa He was born during the journey of Farewell Hajj. His motherwas Asma binte Umais, previously wife of Jafar Tayyar and after Abu Bakr she married Imam Ali (a.s.) due to which theupbringing of Muhammad was under Imam Ali (a.s.) and heused to say: Muhammad is my son even though born from loinsof Abu Bakr. In 38 A.H. when Amirul Momineen (a.s.) appointedhim as governor of Egypt, Muawiyah sent persons like Amr Aas, Muawiyah Ibne Khadij and Abul Awar Salmi to Egypt.They hatched a conspiracy and apprehended Muhammad andafter slaying him, placed his body in a donkey skin and had itburned; as a result of which Ayesha was so aggrieved that all her life she never again partook roasted meat and she used toregularly curse Muawiyah, Amr Aas and Ibne Khadij. Muawiyah expressed great joy at his martyrdom and AmirulMomineen (a.s.) displayed a deep sorrow at it.16Among the maternal brothers of Muhammad were Abdullah,Muhammad and Aun Ibne Jafar and his paternal sister was 181Ayesha. Muhammads son, Qasim was among the jurisprudentsof Medina who was considered as the maternal grandfather ofImam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.).

17- Muhammad Ibne Abi Bakr Ibne Abi Qahafa 

 

He was born during the journey of Farewell Hajj. His mother was Asma binte Umais, previously wife of Ja断ar Tayyar and after Abu Bakr she married Imam Ali (a.s.) due to which the upbringing of Muhammad was under Imam Ali (a.s.) and he used to say: Muhammad is my son even though born from loins of Abu Bakr. In 38 A.H. when Amirul Momineen (a.s.) appointed him as governor of Egypt, Muawiyah sent persons like Amr Aas, Muawiyah Ibne Khadij and Abul Awar Salmi to Egypt. They hatched a conspiracy and apprehended Muhammad and after slaying him, placed his body in a donkey skin and had it burned; as a result of which Ayesha was so aggrieved that all her life she never again partook roasted meat and she used to regularly curse Muawiyah, Amr Aas and Ibne Khadij. Muawiyah expressed great joy at his martyrdom and Amirul Momineen (a.s.) displayed a deep sorrow at it.16 Among the maternal brothers of Muhammad were Abdullah, Muhammad and Aun Ibne Ja断ar and his paternal sister was 181 Ayesha. Muhammad痴 son, Qasim was among the jurisprudents of Medina who was considered as the maternal grandfather of Imam Ja断ar Sadiq (a.s.).

18- Mitham Ibne Yahya Tammar
He was a close confidant and a bearer of secrets of AmirulMomineen (a.s.) and he possessed so much knowledge of Quranthat he taught Ibne Abbas exegesis of Quran and the latterused to note down his discourses. One day he was traveling on a boat when a strong wind blew. He remarked:Muawiyah has died. And later on it proved to be true. He wasa freed slave of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and after purchasing him when Imam asked him what his name was, he replied:Saalim. Ali (a.s.) said: Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) has mentioned that your real name is Mitham, so your name must be Mithamand Abu Saalim must be your Kunniyat. As per the predictionof Imam, Ibne Ziyad had him crucified and he was martyred on22 Zilhajj, eleven days before Imam Husain (a.s.) arrived atKerbala.17

19- Hashim Ibne Ataba Ibne Abi Waqqas Mirqal.
He earned the title of Mirqal because he was very much adeptin swift attacks. He embraced Islam at the time of conquestof Mecca and was present in Siffeen on the side of AmirulMomineen (a.s.). He was martyred in Siffeen and along withhim, his son, Aatba Ibne Hashim also was martyred.18

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Imam Hassan (as ) companions

Imam Hussain (as) companions
Imam Zaiunl Abideen(as) companions

 

Imam Mohammed Baqir (as) Companions


Among the companions of Prophet who narrated traditions from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) is Jabir Ibne Abdullah and among Tabiin is Jabir Ibne Yazid Jofi, Kaisan Sajistani. Among the jurists, there are Ibne Mubarak, Zuhri, Abu Hanifah, Maalik, Shafei, Awzai, Ziyad Ibnul Mundhir and many other exegesists and historians. But the following companions are worth special mention:

Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari, Jabir Ibne Yazid Jofi, Zurarah, Amir Ibne Abdullah Ibne Shuraik Amiri, Fuzail Ibne Yasar Basri, Salam Ibnul Mustansir, Buraid Ibne Muawiyah, Hakeem Ibne Abi Naeem, Muhammad Ibne Muslim Thaqafi, Abdullah Ibne Abi Yafur, Ziyad Ibnul Munshir Abul Jarud, Ziyad Ibne Abi Raja Abu Ubaidah Al-Hadha, Ziyad Ibne Sauqa, Ziyad Ibne Abi Ziyad Munqiri, Ziyad Al-Ahlam, Abu Basir Yahya Ibne Abil Qasim Makfuf (Ishaq), Humran, Bukair, Abdul Malik, Abdur Rahman Ayyin, Muhammad Ibne Ismail Ibne Bazi, Abdullah Ibne Maimoon Kadha, Muhammad Ibne Marwan Kufi, Ismail Ibne Fazal Hashimi, from the sons of Naufal Ibne Harith Abu Harun Makfuf, Zarif Ibne Nasih, Saeed Ibne Iskaf Duali, Ismail Ibne Jabir Khathami Kufi, Uqbah Ibne Bashir Asadi, Aslam Mulki, Abu Basir Laith Ibne Bakhtari Muradi, Kumayt Ibne Zaid Asadi, Najiya Ibne Umara Saidawi, Maaz Ibne Muslim Nahwi, Bashirur Rijal, etc.1

From the above, after Muhammad Ibne Ismail Ibne Bazi all are included among companions of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) as well and they had gained knowledge from both Imams. Below, we shall mention some brief biographical sketches of some of the companions:

1- Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari
He is included among companions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and was the bearer of the Prophets greetings for Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.). Jabir was present in the Battle of Badr and other battles along with Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.). His father was present in the allegiance of Aqbah. In the second allegiance of Aqbah, Jabir himself was present. He was considered among the devotees of Amirul Momineen (a.s.). His greatest excellence is that in 61 A.H. on the day of Arbaeen, he 480 was the first visitor to the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.) and his Ziarat Arbaeen is mentioned in books of Ziyarat and books of Kerbala Tragedy (Maqatil).

2- Abdul Basir Laith Ibne Bakhtari Muradi
He was absolutely reliable in narrating traditions and was an honest personality. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) is supposed to have said: Four individuals have preserved the jurisprudence of my father: Abu Basir, Zurarah, Muhammad Ibne Muslim and Buraid Ibne Muawiyah Ajali.

3- Abu Basir Abdullah Ibne Muhammad Asadi He is among those six companions called as Afqah (experts in jurisprudence): Abu Basir Asadi, Muhammad Ibne Muslim, Fuzail Ibne Yasaar, Buraid Ajali, Zurarah and Abu Basir Muradi.

4- Abu Basir Yahya Ibne Qasim Asadi
His father was Ishaq; he was himself visually handicapped and was an extremely reliable narrator of traditions and well  versed in Islamic jurisprudence. Some people have included him in the six great experts of jurisprudence and narrated that Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) had ordered people to refer to him in his absence.

5- Zurarah Ibne Ayyin
He was an extremely intelligent person, a jurist, a theologian, litterateur and a reliable tradition scholar. Once, when he was mentioned in the gathering of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.), the Imam mentioned him in a negative manner. When he learnt of this, he sent his son to the Imam to find out the truth. The Imam said: You are my true friend, but what can I do, the world is the enemy of my friends; so I mention them in such a way that my friendship is not revealed and in this way my followers remain safe from the mischief of enemies.2 It should remain clear that Zurarah was one of the four brothers: Zurarah, Humran, Bukair and Abdur Rahman and all were very sincere Shia and there is no doubt about the honesty of anyone them.


6- Muhammad Ibne Muslim Thaqafi Kufi
He was a very sincere companion of Imam Baqir and Imam Sadiq (a.s.). He had recorded thirty-thousand traditions from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) and sixteen thousand traditions from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). Once when Imam Muhammad 481 Baqir (a.s.) ordered him humility, he took up the profession of selling dates and then later started milling flour, which is why sometimes he is also called as Tahhan.3 Abu Kahmash says that I came to Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and the Imam said: I have heard that Qazi Abu Laila has rejected the testimony of Muhammad Ibne Muslim. When you go to Kufa you should meet Abu Laila and ask three questions and tell him that the condition is that he should reply from the traditions of Prophet:
1- What one should do if he gets doubt in the first two rakats
of Obligatory Prayers?
2- If the body or clothes become impure due to urine, how
they should be purified?
3- What is to be done if one pebble is dropped from the seven
during the stoning of satans (Ramee Jamarat)?
Abu Kahmash obeyed the instructions of the Imam and when Abu Laila could not reply, he said: Imam Sadiq (a.s.) had taught these questions to me and said that when you have no knowledge of Sunnah of Prophet, what right you have to reject the testimony of Muhammad Ibne Muslim. Abu Laila was extremely ashamed and he accepted the testimony of Muhammad Ibne Muslim.
The second time, two representatives of the Imam went to Qadi Shuraih and posed two questions: What is the distance of Qasr (shortening of prayers etc) and what are the conditions necessary for Friday prayer? And they asked him to reply from traditions. When he could not reply, they said: Muhammad Ibne Muslim has narrated to us this tradition of the Prophet from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.): Qasr becomes obligatory at a distance of two bareed and Friday prayers becomes obligatory in the gathering of five persons, one of whom is the Imam. Shuraih was astonished at this academic brilliance.

7- Jabir Ibne Yazid Jofi
He was a resident of Kufa, but he came into the service of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) and started living in Medina. Imam told him that he must not say that he was from Kufa or people would harass him. He asked the Imam: would it not imply falsehood. Imam said: Never, as long as you are in Medina you a Medinan. What is the question of falsehood in that? Noman Ibne Bashir narrated that a person brought a letter to Jabir. He touched it to his eyes, opened it and started reading. He was highly pleased and soon he departed to Kufa. On reaching Kufa, he began to act in a strange manner. He put a stick between his legs and mimicked riding a horse and ran here and there with children. People said that Jabir has become insane. After some days a proclamation of Hisham Ibne Abdul Malik came to the governor of Kufa to cut off the head of Jabir and dispatch it to Hisham. When he made inquiries, he was told that he was an Islamic jurist but now he had become insane, so what is the use of executing him? So he changed his mind and the wisdom behind Imams letter became clear and it came to be known how the Holy Imams (a.s.) used to protect the lives of their followers and how difficult life had become for Aale Muhammad (a.s.). Jabir passed away in 128 A.H. That is fourteen years after martyrdom of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.).

1 For more details and the companions of Imam MuhammadBaqir (a.s.) refer to the following books: Al-Iktisaas, Pg. 83, 98,161; Rijal Kishi, Pg. 6, Biharul Anwar, Vol. 86; Majalisul Momineen;
Imam Sadiq Mazahib Arba, Vol. 2; Tahzeebut Tahzeeb,Ibne Hajar Asqalani
2 Majalisul Momineen
3 Majalisul Momineen

 

=====================================

Imam Jafar As Sadiq(as) Companions

There were more than four thousand students in the classes of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and they include great Imams of the Ummah as well, but those companions who had truly gained from the knowledge of Imam and remained steadfast on faith till their last moments, their number is definitely less than this, although this number is also more and some names are worth special mention, but they are some who are also included among companions of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.); on the contrary they are considered as his companions only. Some are mentioned among companions of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.); therefore we would mention about some of the members of this second group:

1- Aban Ibne Taghlib
He was from Kufa and he belonged to Bakr Ibne Waeel tribe. He was a very religious type of person who held a special position in the knowledge of recitation of Quran and he had a particular style of recitation, famous among reciters of Quran. He had also studied under Imam Sajjad (a.s.), but Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) had ordered him during his period that he should sit in the mosque and issue religious verdicts as he wanted such people among his companions. He had learnt by heart thirty thousand traditions from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). He was also appointed by Imam to hold debates on religious topics, in order to continue the system of verification of truth. He passed away in 141 A.H. and Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) expressed great sorrow at this tragedy. It is mentioned in traditional reports that when Aban used to come to Medina, the Masjid of Medina used to fill up with students of religious knowledge and each of them used to be eager to hear traditions directly from Aban.1

2- Ishaq Ibne Ammar Sairafi Kufi
He was considered a teacher of traditions and was a high class trustful tradition narrator. He brother, Yunus, Yusuf, Ismail, Qays and his nephews, Ali, Bashir and sons of Ismail were also prominent personages among tradition scholars. Scholars of tradition narrators of the early period used to refer to him as a follower of Fathi school and his traditional 512 reports were considered trustworthy instead of being Sahih; but Shaykh Bahai has investigated this point and concluded that there are two narrators of this name; Ishaq Ibne Ammar Ibne Hayyan from the Imamiyah and was a reliable man; and Ishaq Ibne Ammar Ibne Musa was on religion of Fatihis, but he was trustworthy. The former is mentioned in Rijal Najjashi and the later is mentioned in Rijal of Shaykh and this research of Shaykh Bahai remained in force for sometime but in the end, Allamah Tabatabai Bahrul Ulum showed that Ishaq Ibne Ammar is only one person and he was on Imamite faith and a reliable person, so his traditional reports should get the rank of authentic reports.2

3- Buraid Ibne Muawiyah Ajali Kindi
His Kunniyat was Abul Qasim and he was considered one of the closest confidants of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) and Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) used to remark about him that there are four standards of religion: Muhammad Ibne Muslim, Buraid Ibne Muawiyah, Laith Ibne Bakhtari Abu Basir and Zurarah Ibne Ayyin; if they had not been there, the jurisprudence of Ahle Bayt (a.s.) would have been destroyed. Buraid passed away in 150 A.H. and his son Qasim Ibne Buraid is also considered a narrator of traditional reports of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.).3

4- Abu Hamza Thumali
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) used to tell him: Seeing you I become assured. Once his daughter had a fall and she fractured her hand; a surgeon was brought there for her treatment; seeing the condition of his daughter, he began to weep; Providence had so much pity on this condition that the fractured hand was cured by itself and the orthopedic expert continued to search for broken bones. Abu Hamza has also cultivated the company of Imam Sajjad (a.s.) and often used to go for Ziyarat of Amirul Momineen (a.s.), when a large crowd of Imamiyah jurists used to gather and people gained from his know how. He passed away in 150 A.H.4

5- Hareeth Ibne Abdullah Sajistani
He was originally from Kufa, but he used to travel to Sajistan on business; therefore he became famous as Sajistani. His book, As-Salaat, was highly popular among scholars.5 6- Humran Ibne Ayyin Shaibani 513 He was a brother to Zurarah and Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) has verified his being a Shia; on his death, the Imam had remarked that a believer man has passed away. Once Humran told Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.): So less is the number of your followers that they cannot finish the mutton of a single goat. Imam (a.s.) said: More surprising is the fact that after Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) the only sincere supporters of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) were Salman, Abu Zar and Miqdad and Ammar had also joined them.6

6- Humran Ibne Ayyin Shaibani
He was a brother to Zurarah and Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) has verified his being a Shia; on his death, the Imam had remarked that a believer man has passed away. Once Humran
told Imam Ja断ar Sadiq (a.s.): So less is the number of your followers that they cannot finish the mutton of a single goat.
Imam (a.s.) said: More surprising is the fact that after Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) the only sincere supporters of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) were Salman, Abu Zar and Miqdad and Ammar had also joined them.2


7- Zurarah Ibne Ayyin
He was the most prominent companion of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). So much so that that Imam told Faiz Ibne Mukhtar: If Zurarah had not been there, the traditions of my respected father would have been lost. When Yunus Ibne Ammar narrated a tradition of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) on the authority of Zurarah, Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) said: If Zurarah has narrated it, it must be authentic. Jamil Ibne Darraj said: We used to seem like nursery kids before Zurarah. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) said: Your name is mentioned in the list of the inmates of Paradise without an Alif; he confessed: My real name is Abde Rabbih and Zurarah became famous later. He passed away two months after demise of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.), but he left a generations behind him who were highly reliable religious authorities and missionaries of faith.7

8- Safwan Ibne Mahran Jammal Asadi Kufi
He was from Kufa and was in the business of hiring out camels. Once Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) asked him: Do you rent out year camels to Harun. He said: Only for traveling to Mecca. The Imam asked: Do not wish that he should return safe and sound so that you get your animals and rent. He replied: Yes. Imam said: One who desires for the survival of oppressors would be raised with them on Judgment Day. Safwan disposed off all his camels upon this. When Harun learnt of this, he said: If you did not have good relations with us I would have got you killed. Traditional reports of Ziyarat Waritha, Ziyarat Arbaeen and Dua Al-Qama have been recorded from Safwan and he used to transport Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) from Medina to Kufa for a long time and himself also worshipped at the tomb of Amirul Momineen (a.s.).8

9- Abdullah Ibne Abi Yafur
He was a disciple of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) and Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). He had perfect faith on the Imam and the latter had also prayed in his favor a number of times. He passed away during a plague in the lifetime of the Imam. Imam extolled his praises in his letter to Mufaddal Ibne Umar and said: I have not seen anyone more pious and obedient to God, Prophet and the Imam.9

10- Fuzail Ibne Yasar Basri
His Kunniyat was Abu Qasim and he was a prominent companion of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). He was considered among companions of consensus. That is all scholars had consensus on authenticity of his traditional reports. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) used to say: One who likes to see an inmate of Paradise should look at Fuzail.10

11- Faiz Ibne Mukhtar Kufi
He is included among companions and tradition reporters of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.), Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.). Once he came to Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and said: Please introduce your successor to me. The Imam went inside and summoned Faiz there. After sometime Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) appeared with a lash. He was around five years old at that time. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) introduced the successor and said: Son, what lash is this. He replied: My brother, Ali was lashing everyone with this so I have taken it away from him. Imam said: Faiz, this is my successor and legatee. He said: Maula, please give some more details. He said: Suhuf Ibrahim and scrolls of Prophet Musa (a.s.) have reached to me from the Prophet in inheritance and I have appointed this sons of mine as my successor. Faiz said: Maula tell me some more. He said: When my respected father used to supplicate, I used to say Amen; and when I supplicate, this son of mine says Amen. Faiz said: Maula tell me some more. He said: when my respected father wanted to sleep I used to put my arms to act as pillows and when I want to rest, this boy gives me support; so you must accept his Imamate and convey this information to your special companions. Faiz kissed the forehead of the Imam and coming back to Yunus Ibne Zabyan narrated this incident to him. He said I will get it verified directly from the Imam and he came to the Imams house for this purpose. The Imam called from inside: Yunus, do not investigate; whatever Faiz has reported is correct.11

12- Laith Ibne Bakhtari
He is famous as Abu Basir and he is also included among the righteous personages who had been given the glad tidings of Paradise and who are included among companions of consensus and all scholar have unanimity about the authenticity of all his reports. Abu Basir says: Once, when I came to Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.), he said: You were present during the last moments of Alba Ibne Darra Asadi; what did he say at that time? I replied: He told us that you have guaranteed Paradise for him. Imam said: You are right. I began to cry: Alas, if I also had this honor. Imam (a.s.) said: I stand a surety for you as well. I said: Please recommend my case to your ancestors also. He said: They are also your sureties. I said: Please recommend my case to the Lord of the worlds also. He said: He is also a surety, and anyone who is sincere and steadfast in the love of Ahle Bayt (a.s.), Aale Muhammad (a.s.) would be his surety for Paradise.12


13- Muhammad Ibne Ali Ibne Noman Kufi
His Kunniyat was Abu Jafar and he had a shop in Taqqul Mahammin; therefore he became as Momin Taq and the opponents being overwhelmed by his wit used to refer to him as Shaitan Taq. He was an expert of scholastic theology and the art of debate. He had also written a number of books; and had frequent debates with Abu Hanifah. Thus once Abu Hanifah ridiculed belief of Rajat and said: Lend me 500 gold coins; I will return them to you in Rajat. Abu Jafar said: I am ready, but you must get a surety that you will come in the shape of a human being in Rajat; if you come in form of monkey, how I would get my money back?
After martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.), Abu Hanifah remarked sarcastically: Now your Imam is dead. Abu Jafar retorted: What is your problem; your Imam is going to livetill the appointed hour.
One day Abu Hanifah was seated with his companions and he decried Abu Jafar coming from a distance. He said: 516 Satan is coming. Abu Jafar heard this and immediately recited the verse of Quran: We have sent the satans to the disbelievers so that they may continue to torment them forever.
There was a Khariji in Kufa, named Zahhak and he used to call himself Amirul Momineen and invited people to follow him. One day Momin Taq went to him and said: I have heard a lot about your justice; I want to become your companion. He considered it as a good opportunity and extended a warm welcome and included him among his companions. Momin Taq said: Why are you an opponent of Imam Ali (a.s.)? He replied: He accepted arbitration in Siffeen and it is against Islam. Momin Taq said: I want to discuss this matter with you if you can prove your stance, I will accept your superiority, but who will judge the debate; no judgment is possible without a third party. Zahhak appointed one of his companions as a judge. Momin Taq accepted the suggestion and said: O people, this person has accepted an arbitrator, so he has gone out of the pale of Islam. People beat him up so much that he lost consciousness.13


14- Muhammad Ibne Muslim Ibne Riyah Tahhan Thaqafi Kufi
A senior-most companion of Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) and Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.); scholars are unanimous on the correctness of his traditional reports. He lived in Medina for four years and learnt thirty thousand traditions from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) and sixteen thousand from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). Abdullah Ibne Abi Yafur asked Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) that if one cannot reach him, whom should one refer to. He replied: What is the problem with Muhammad Ibne Muslim? He was respected in the view of my honorable father as well.
Muhammad Ibne Muslim says: One night a lady knocked at my door and asked me the religious problem that what should be done if a pregnant woman dies having a living unborn child in her womb? I said: Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) has said that the child should be removed surgically, but I live in seclusion; who gave you my address? She replied: This problem came to Abu Hanifah; since he didnt know the answer, I was sent to you. When the following day I entered the mosque I found Abu Hanifah explaining that matter on his own authority. I gestured to him that I was present there. He became worried and said: Let me live for a moment at least.
According to histories Muhammad Ibne Muslim was an affluent person. Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) had advised him to adopt humility. So he closed down all his businesses and took up selling dates. People tried to convince him that it was not according to his rank, so he installed a flour mill and therefore he came to be known as Tahhan.14

15- Maaz Ibne Kathir Kasai Kufi
He is included among senior companions of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and is also among narrators of Nass for Imamate of Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.). He was a dealer in canvas. When he closed down his business, Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) said: To close down a business is an act of Satan; by closing down a business, two-thirds of the intellect is destroyed.
Once, in the fields of Arafat, seeing the milling crowds, he said to Imam (a.s.): This year a large number of people have come for Hajj. The Imam called him and said: This is a crowd; the real Hajis are you people. And Almighty Allah accepts the deeds only of persons like you.15

16- Mualla Ibne Khunais Bazzaz Kufi
He is also considered to be a divine saint and a man of Paradise. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) had appointed him as manager of his household affairs and used to trust him completely. On the contrary Dawood Ibne Ali killed him due to this love and devotion only. When Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) learnt of this, he came from Mecca and went to Dawood Ibne Ali and said: You have killed one who was definitely better than you in the court of Allah; you should remember that the destination of Mualla is Jannatul Firdos. He presented excuse that he had not killed him, on the contrary Sairafi had killed him; so the Imam took revenge from Sairafi and had him killed and according to another traditional report he invoked curse on Dawood Ibne Ali, placing his head in prostration in the last part of the night and within a short time wails arose from his house and it was learnt that Dawood was dead.16

17- Hisham Ibne Muhammad Ibne Saib Kalbi
His Kunniyat was Abul Mundhir and he was an expert of genealogy. His memory became defective due to an accident and he forgot everything, he pleaded Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and the latter gave him a cup of drink; after he drank it, his memory was restored. Imam (a.s.) was very fond of him and he is famous as Nassab Kalbi, an expert of genealogy.17


18- Yunus Ibne Zabyan Kufi
Some scholars of Rijal had misgivings about him but Muhaddith Nuri has mentioned the evidences of his veracity at the end of his Mustadrakul Wasail, and stated that Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) had prayed for mercy on him, on the contrary, he even gave him glad tidings of Paradise. Among his traditional reports is a Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.), supplication after Ziyarat of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) in Najaf Ashraf, Allaahumma laa budda min amrikaand other famous Ziyarats and supplications. May God give them a good recompense from us and from Islam.18

1 Majalisul Momineen, Kitab Ibne Dawood, Ahsanul Maqal,
Vol. 1, Pg. 754
2 Majalisul Momineen, Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 754
3 Majalisul Momineen, Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 755
4 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 755
5 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 757
6 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 757
7 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 759
8 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 760
9 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 761
10 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 762
11Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 753
12 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 764
13 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 765; Majalisul Momineen
14Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 766
15Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 768
16Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 768
17Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 769
18Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 1, Pg. 769; Tarikh Kamil, Tahzeeb,
Majalisul Momineen.

==============================

Imam Musa Al Kazim(as) Companions

Details of over 300 companions al-islam.org


1- Hammad Ibne Isa

He has witnessed the period from Imam Sajjad (a.s.) to Imam Jawad (a.s.) and he is considered as a reporter of traditional reports. He was so careful in narrating traditional reports that he has quoted only seventy traditions from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) and from them, he selected only twenty, in which there was no possibility of any defect or distortion. He requested Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) to pray from him and he prayed for his house, wife, servants and that he be able to perform Hajj fifty times. By the grace of the Imam all these bounties became facts for him. But when after performing fifty Hajjs he decided to go for one more Hajj, while he was putting on his Ihram he was washed away in floods and earned the title of 奏he one drowned in Johfa.1


2- Abu Abdullah Abdur Rahman Ibne Hajjaj Bajali Kufi
He was a teacher of Safwan bin Yahya and was considered a companion of Imam Sadiq and Imam Kazim (a.s.). He came to the right path after a period of time and also met Imam Reza (a.s.) and passed away during that time. Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) had given glad tidings of Paradise to him and Imam Sadiq (a.s.) used to tell him: Have debates with people of Medina. I need people like you among my companions. It is also narrated from Abul Hasan that he said with regard to Abdur Rahman that he was heavy on the heart, which is explained by scholars to mean that he was heavy on the hearts of enemies or that 蘇e was valuable in my heart or he was heavy as his name was Abdur Rahman and the name of his father was Hajjaj and both these names are heavy on the hearts of believers and as Sibte Ibne Jauzi has narrated that when Abdullah Ibne Jafar named one of his sons as Muawiyah all members of Bani Hashim clan stopped speaking with him as they could not bear this name even in some exigency.2


3- Abdullah Ibne Jundab Bajali Kufi

He was a prominent companion of Imam Kazim (a.s.) and Imam Reza (a.s.) and a learned jurist and representative of the Imam. Imam Reza (a.s.) had given him the guarantee of the 592 satisfaction of God and His Prophet and also gave glad tidings of Paradise to him. It is famous about him that he was weeping profusely in the fields of Arafat; so Ibrahim bin Hashim said: I have never seen such a devoted stay in Arafat. He said: By Allah, I have not supplicated anything for myself; I have supplicated everything for the believers in faith as Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) has said: One who prays in favor of his brothers in faith, a voice comes from the Great Throne of the Almighty: You will be rewarded a hundred thousand times of this. So I did not want that I should refuse a hundred thousand times from God and recite one sup plication for my own favor, for which there is no guarantee that it would be accepted. Once, Abdullah wrote to Imam Reza (a.s.): I have become old. So please teach me a recitation that would increase my knowledge and understanding and make me proximate to God. Imam (a.s.) said: Recite the following often: Bismillaahir rahmaanir Raheem. Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa billaahil aliyyil azeem. (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. There is no might and strength except by Allah, the high and the great.).3


4- Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibne Mughira Bajali Kufi
He was a reliable Islamic jurist and exceptional in piety and worship. He was considered among people of consensus and was the author of thirty books. He himself admitted that he originally came from Waqifite sect; by chance he went for Hajj and clinging to the wall of Kaaba wept and prayed: O God, guide me to the right faith. Suddenly a thought came to me that I should meet Imam Kazim (a.s.). So after Hajj I went to Medina and sent information inside the Imams house that a person from Iraq has come to meet him. A voice came from inside: Abdullah Ibne Mughira, come in. I was astonished and I immediately accepted his Imamate. Then he said: Go, your supplication is granted. I gained more certainty about the Imamate of the Imam and by the praise of God I am still on it.4


5- Abdullah Ibne Yahya Kahili Kufi
He and his brother, Ishaq are among narrators of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and Musa Kazim (a.s.) and the latter had bestowed special attention to him. So much so that he advised Ali Ibne Yaqtin that he should take special care of Kahili and therefore 593 he used to mind the financial affairs of Kahili and bear the expenses of the whole family. Once, after the Hajj, when he came to meet Imam Kazim (a.s.), the Imam said: 鄭bdullah, now perform more good deeds as the time of your death has approached. Abdullah began to weep. Imam said: 泥o not grieve, you are counted among my Shia and you have a good hereafter. Abdullah was highly elated and passed away after some days.5


6- Ali Ibne Yaqtin
He was originally from Kufa, but lived in Baghdad. He was among the most prominent companions of Imam Kazim (a.s.) and was the focus of special attention of the Imam. He was born in Kufa in 124 A.H. after which his father left the country due the fear of Marwan Himar and his mother also resided in Medina till Marwan Himar was killed and the Bani Abbas came to power. At that time both came out from underground. The father of Ali Ibne Yaqtin passed away in 185 A.H. and Ali Ibne Yaqtin remained in the service of Imam Kazim (a.s.) till the Imam informed him of his salvation from Hell fire and he became the vizier of the ruler according to orders of the Holy Imam (a.s.). Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) had also prayed for him during his childhood and Ali Ibne Yaqtin was a very generous person; so much so that he sponsored 150 persons for Hajj in a year.
Incidents during the period of the ministry of Ali Ibne Yaqtin are famous and interesting. Imam Kazim (a.s.) was so kind to him that when he did not meet Ibrahim Jammal, the Imam refused to meet him in Medina and said: Make Ibrahim happy and sent him to Kufa from Medina in a single night. Ali Ibne Yaqtin sought the forgiveness of Ibrahim and returned to the Imam.
Ali Ibne Yaqtin died in 180 A.H. at a time when Imam Kazim (a.s.) was in the prison. Some people have mentioned the year of his death to be 182 A.H.6


7- Mufaddal Ibne Umar Kufi Jofi

Shaykh Najjashi and Allamah have cast doubts on him, but other scholars of Rijal have praised him and testified to his veracity and narrated that he was an official representative of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and Imam Kazim (a.s.) and the former had placed a sum of money with him through which he was 594 supposed to solve disputes between followers of Imam. And it is the report of Muhammad Ibne Sinan that Imam (a.s.) said: Like Mufaddal is a comfort for me, in the same way you would be for Imam Reza (a.s.) and Imam Jawad (a.s.). Abdullah Ibne Fazl Hashmi narrates that he was with Imam Sadiq (a.s.) when Mufaddal arrived. The Imam greeted him cheerfully and said: 釘y God, you are dear to me and if only all my companions had the same cognition as you. Mufaddal said modestly: 溺aula, do not exalt me so much. He replied: 的 have only stated your true position. He asked: 典hen what would be the rank of Jabir Ibne Yazid? He replied: 笛ust like Salman was to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.). He asked: 鄭nd Dawood Ibne Kathir Raqqi? He replied: 鏑ike Miqdad Ibne Aswad. After that he told Abdullah: 典he Lord of the worlds has created our souls from effulgence of His greatness and has created your souls through our souls. I have the list of all my Shias; neither anyone can increase or decrease them. Abdullah expressed his wish to see the list. Imam (a.s.) showed him the scroll and Abdullah at last saw his name and prostrated in thankfulness.7


8- Abu Muhammad Hisham Ibne Hikam
He was born and Kufa and brought up in Wasit and at last settled down in Baghdad as he had business there. He is included among companions of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and Imam Kazim (a.s.) and was an extremely clever and intelligent person. He had no equal in scholastic theology and method of debate. When he passed away in Kufa in 179 A.H. Imam Reza (a.s.) prayed for his salvation and when he was mentioned in the presence of Imam Jawad (a.s.), he said: 溺ay God have mercy on him; he was the best defender of the rights of us, Ahle Bayt (a.s.). Umair Ibne Yazid narrates that Hisham was originally following the Jahmi religion. Once he expressed desire to debate with Imam Sadiq (a.s.) so I booked an appointment with the Imam. When Hisham arrived, the Imam posed a question to him, which he could not answer and came with the reply only after some days. Now the Imam asked him another question and again he continued to search for its reply for some days. 595 When he came for the third time, he could not dare to say anything due the awe of the Imam. Considering it to be a Taufeeq of Allah, he embraced faith and gained so much progress in the company of the Imam that he gave him a central place in gathering in presence of Humran Ibne Ayyin, Qays, Yunus Ibne Yaqub and Momin Taq and said: 滴e is our helper through his heart and tongue, and then trained Hisham so well in the method of debate that no one could defeat him. It was the result of his defense of Ahle Bayt (a.s.) that Harun issued orders for his arrest and he went underground. So much so, that his family members were arrested. During this period, when time of his death approached, he said to Bashir: 鄭fter I am dead, give me funeral bath, cover me with the shroud and keep my bier at Kunasa locality and write on a piece of paper: This is the bier of Hisham who died because of the fear of regime so that it becomes certain of my death and my family members are released. It happened in the same way and after the testimony of many persons, his family members were released as now the regime was safe from Hishams danger.8


9- Yunus Ibne Abdur Rahman
He was born during the reign of Hisham Ibne Abdul Malik; he had also met Imam Baqir (a.s.) and Imam Sadiq (a.s.) but he had the honor to narrate only from Imam Kazim (a.s.); he is included among the people of consensus and Imam Reza (a.s.) used to advise people to consult him in religious matters. He had also written a book, Yaum wa Laila, which when it was presented to Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) he read it from cover to cover and remarked: This is the religion of my ancestors and me. Yunus passed away in 208 A.H. and Imam Reza (a.s.) had given him the glad tidings of Paradise to him thrice and compared him to Salman as he had confronted the Waqifite sect and invited people to the Imamate of Imam Reza (a.s.); otherwise many had stopped the series of Imamate after Imam Kazim (a.s.) and denied the Imamate of Imam Reza (a.s.) and seized all the properties and rights of Imam Kazim (a.s.).9


10- Yunus Ibne Yaqub Bajali Dahni
He was a nephew of Muawiyah Ibne Ammar. In the beginning he was most probably following the Imamate of Abdullah Aftah and after that he accepted the Imam Kazim (a.s.) as the Imam and became one of his most reliable companions. So 596 much so that he also became his representative. He died in Medina during Imamate of Imam Reza (a.s.) and the Imam arranged for his last rites and ordered everyone to attend his funeral; had him buried at Baqi on which a few people objected as he was Iraqi. Imam said: He was our follower, so if he is not given space in Baqi. We would also not bury our dead there; after, which he was given the space to make his grave and the Imam ordered the caretaker of graveyard to water the grave for forty days as Yunus was so dear to God that He brought him from Iraq to the neighborhood of Prophet. And peace be on those who follow the guidance.10

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Imam Ali ib Musa Ridha (as) Companions and Students


1- Dibil Ibne Ali al-Khuzai
He was the greatest poet and litterateur of his time. His panegyric is considered to be a masterpiece of literature. After composing the Qasida about Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) he set out to Khorasan to recite it in the presence of the Imam. The Imam praised it highly, but told him not to recite it before everyone. But when it became popular, Mamun summoned Dibil and asked him to compose a Qasida for him as well but Dibil ignored the request. Mamun then called Imam Reza (a.s.) and asked him to recommend to Dibil and upon the orders of the Imam, he composed and recited Qasida for Mamun. Mamun gave him 50000 dirhams as reward and Imam (a.s.) also presented a similar amount. Dibil said: Maula, I dont vie for material wealth; just give me a robe, which would be useful for me in the hereafter. He was given a robe and asked to keep it safe as it would prove useful sometimes. Thus during the journey, when they were attacked by robbers, the same robe helped in saving the belongings of the whole caravan.1 It is mentioned in some traditional reports that when Dibil in his composition, mentioned a tomb in Baghdad, the Imam said: Add two more couplets to this Qasida so that it may become complete and saying this he recited two couplets about a tomb in Tus. Dibil asked: Maula whose tomb does it imply? Imam (a.s.) said: Whoever visits me in my alienity would be raised with me on Judgment Day. Saying this he gave him a hundred Rizvi Dinars on which the name of Imam was inscribed and Dibil preserved them as a blessing.2


2- Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Ziyad al-Washa Bajali Kufi
He was among special companions of Imam Reza (a.s.) and his maternal grandfather, Ilyas Sairafi was considered a prominent companion of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and he has narrated the following report of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) in his final moments: One who is truly devoted to us, Ahle Bayt (a.s.), cannot be touched by Hellfire.
Shaykh Tusi has narrated from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Isa Qummi that he went from Qom to Kufa in search of traditions and met Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Washa and sought his 619 permission to narrating from books of Alaa Ibne Razin and Aban Ibne Uthman. He said: First you may copy the books and then I would hear them. He said you may recite them now, because no one knows when he would have to harken to the call of Lord. Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Washa said: If I had known that there was so much interest among people for traditions, I would have gathered a treasure trove of traditions, because I saw nine hundred senior teachers in this same Masjid Kufa narrating traditions from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.). Ibne Shahr Ashob says that Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Washa had a little doubt in the Imamate of Imam Reza (a.s.). So once he collected some questions and came to the Imam to test him. He was yet at the door when a servant came and asked: Which of you is Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Washa? He said: I am. The servant gave him an envelope and said: The Imam says that it contains replies to your queries. This created a revolution in his life and he became certain of his Imamate.3


3- Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Faddal Yatumuli Kufi
He was a special companion of Imam Reza (a.s.) and a reporter of his traditions. Fazl Ibne Shazan says: I was in the class of Quranic recitation in Masjid when I saw that some people talking about a person who lives in mountains and who is continuously engrossed in worship. Even beasts of wilderness had become so accustomed with him that they graze near him and he prolongs his prostrations so much, as if he has died. I was amazed how a person can be like this. Meanwhile a man entered and my father stepped forward to welcome him and accorded him great respect. After he went away, I asked: Who was this gentleman. He said: It was Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Faddal. 滴e is the same famous man? I thought he lived in mountains. 添es, he is the same; he came down today and visits me frequently. I have developed such respect for him that I used to visit him frequently and listen to the books of Ibne Bukair and often he came and read them out to me and it was only his sentiment of religion; because when commander in chief of Mamun, Tahir Ibne Husain Khuzai on his return from Hajj, expressed his wish to meet Hasan, the latter declined. Hasan passed away in 224 A.H.4


4- Hasan Ibne Mahbub Sarrad Bajali Kufi

He was considered a key personality of his time and included among people of consensus. He was generally referred to as Jarrad, but Imam Reza (a.s.) suggested that he should be addressed as Sarrad as the word of SRD is used in Holy Quran in the meaning of making coat of mail and importance should be given to words of Quran. His father was so particular about his training that he gave one dirham as prize for learning each tradition of Ali Ibne Ruab. Hasan Ibne Mahbub passed away at the end of 224 A.H. at the age of approximately 65 years.5
5- Zakariya Ibne Adam Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ashari Qummi
He was among the close confidants of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.). Once he said to the Imam that he wanted to separate from his family members as many fools have appeared among them. The Imam said: Almighty Allah dispels calamities from them through you just as He wards off the calamities of people of Baghdad for the sake of the tomb of Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.). Ali Ibne Musayyib Hamadani said to Imam Reza (a.s.): My house is very far away and I cannot be present with you all the time; so from whom should I learn the laws of religion? He replied: Zakariya Ibne Adam Qummi, who is trustworthy in my view from the aspect of religion as well as the world. Some historians have stated that he also had the honor of attending Hajj with Imam Reza (a.s.) and on the return journey shared the litter with the Imam. Allamah Majlisi has narrated in connection with history of Qom that Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) had prayed for Ashari clan that may Allah forgive their young and old. The grave of Zakariya Ibne Adam is well known inShaikhan Kabir cemetery. Zakariya Ibne Idris Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ashari, his cousin is buried near him.6 6- Safwan Ibne Yahya Abu Muhammad Bajali Kufi He was considered among the most reliable reporters of his time and was a companion of Imam Reza (a.s.) and Imam Jawad (a.s.); on the contrary, he was also an official representative of the Imam. Allamah Kishi has included him also among people of consensus and some historians have narrated that Safwan was a partner in business with Abdullah Ibne Judub and Ali Ibne 621 Noman. And three of them used to pray 51 units of prayers every day without fail. They had entered into an agreement that the survivor among them would perform worship and good deeds on behalf of others also. Thus after the passing away of his friends, he used to pray 51 units of prayers three times daily and fasted for three months in a year and paid Zakat of wealth three times. Such was his precaution that once he had rented a camel and was heading to Kufa when someone gave him two Dinars to be conveyed till Kufa. He did not mount the camel till he could get the approval from the owner of the camel for increase in load; and such was his sense of duty to believers that he could not refuse the owner of Dinar also. Safwan has narrated traditions from forty companions of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and he passed away in Medina in 210 A.H. Imam Jawad (a.s.) arranged for his shroud and Hunut and ordered Ismail Ibne Musa to pray his funeral prayers.7

 

5- Zakariya Ibne Adam Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ashari  Qummi

He was among the close confidants of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.). Once he said to the Imam that he wanted to separate from his family members as many fools have appeared among
them. The Imam said: Almighty Allah dispels calamities from them through you just as He wards off the calamities of people of Baghdad for the sake of the tomb of Imam Musa Kazim
(a.s.).
Ali Ibne Musayyib Hamadani said to Imam Reza (a.s.):My house is very far away and I cannot be present with you all the time; so from whom should I learn the laws of religion? He replied: Zakariya Ibne Adam Qummi, who is trustworthy in my view from the aspect of religion as well as the world.
Some historians have stated that he also had the honor of attending Hajj with Imam Reza (a.s.) and on the return journey shared the litter with the Imam. Allamah Majlisi has narrated in
connection with history of Qom that Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) had prayed for Ashari clan that may Allah forgive their young and old.
The grave of Zakariya Ibne Adam is well known in Shaikhan Kabir cemetery. Zakariya Ibne Idris Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ashari, his cousin is buried near him.1


6- Safwan Ibne Yahya Abu Muhammad Bajali Kufi

He was considered among the most reliable reporters of his time and was a companion of Imam Reza (a.s.) and Imam Jawad (a.s.); on the contrary, he was also an official
representative of the Imam.
Allamah Kishi has included him also among people of consensus and some historians have narrated that Safwan was a partner in business with Abdullah Ibne Judub and Ali Ibne Noman. And three of them used to pray 51 units of prayers every day without fail. They had entered into an agreement that the survivor among them would perform worship and good deeds on behalf of others also. Thus after the passing away of his friends, he used to pray 51 units of prayers three times daily and fasted for three months in a year and paid Zakat of wealth three times. Such was his precaution that once he had rented a
camel and was heading to Kufa when someone gave him two Dinars to be conveyed till Kufa. He did not mount the camel till he could get the approval from the owner of the camel for
increase in load; and such was his sense of duty to believers that he could not refuse the owner of Dinar also.
Safwan has narrated traditions from forty companions of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and he passed away in Medina in 210 A.H.Imam Jawad (a.s.) arranged for his shroud and Hunut and ordered Ismail Ibne Musa to pray his funeral prayers.1


7- Muhammad Ibne Ismail Ibne Bazi
He was a trustworthy narrator of traditions and a special companion of Imam Reza (a.s.). He was also present during the times of Imam Jawad (a.s.). He was also a minister in the government. Ali Ibne Noman had bequeathed all his books to Muhammad Ibne Ismail Ibne Bazi. He had requested Imam Jawad (a.s.) for a cloth for his shroud; the Imam fulfilled it and said that its hooks should be removed. He died at Fayd on way to Mecca about which it is mentioned by Muhammad Ibne Ahmad Ibne Yahya Ashari that he visited his grave in the company of Ali Ibne Bilal and narrated the following tradition of Imam Reza (a.s.) on his authority: If a person places his hand on the grave and recites Surah Qadr seven times; both the reciter as well as the departed one would be secure from terror of Judgment Day.
Such was the excellence and nobility of Muhammad Ibne Ismail that Sayyid Murtada, father of Allamah Tabatabai Bahrul Uloom dreamt on the eve of birth of Allamah that Imam Reza (a.s.) has given a candle to Muhammad Ibne Ismail and sent him to his house and when he lighted it, there was light all around.
Indeed, the being of Allamah Bahrul Uloom was a like a lighted candle, which had illuminated the world of piety and knowledge, but it was the greatness of Muhammad Ibne Ismail 622 that Imam Reza (a.s.) chose his medium to give this glad tiding, as if this candle of knowledge would be lighted through his traditional reports and their blessings and this is sufficient an honor of both persons.8


8- Nasr Ibne Qabus
He has narrated from Imam Sadiq (a.s.), Imam Kazim (a.s.) and Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) and served as a representative of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) for twenty years. He was among the close confidants of Imam Kazim (a.s.) and has narrated from him the tradition of appointment of Imam Reza (a.s.) to Imamate.
Shaykh Kishi has narrated from him that Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) took him to a room where Imam Reza (a.s.) was engrossed in reading a book and asked: Nasr, do you know who this boy is? He replied: It is Ali Ibne Musa ar- Reza (a.s.). Then he asked: And this book? He replied: You know better. Imam (a.s.) said: This is Jafr, which only the prophets and their successors can read. After which he became more certain about the Imamate of Imam Reza (a.s.).
On another occasion, Nasr told Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.): I asked your father about his successor and he told me your name. Now who would your successor be? He replied: My son, Ali Ibne Musa.9


1 Uyun Akhbar Reza, Vol. 2, Pg. 265; Kashful Ghumma, Vol.
3, Pg. 74; Rijal Kishi, Pg. 42; Shawahidun Nubuwwah, Pg. 199
2 Nurul Absar, Pg. 138; Safinatul Biharul, Vol. 1, Pg. 241; Ahsanul
Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 177; Majalisul Momineen, Pg. 466; Wafayatul
Ayan, Vol. 1, Pg. 322
3Manaqib Ibne Shahr Ashob; Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 182
4Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 183
5Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 184; Rijal Kishi
6Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 185
7Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 187
8Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 188
9Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 190

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Imam Mohamed Taqi(as) Companions and students


1- Abu Jafar Ahmad Ibne Muhammad Ibne Abi Nasr Bazanti Kufi

He was a companion of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) and was considered among special students of Imam Muhammad Taqi (a.s.). Such was the level of his veracity that chain of narrators was not investigated of the tradition, related from him and it was taken to be authentic as he has not narrated any tradition from any unreliable reporter. He died in 221 A.H.1


2- Abu Muhammad Fazl Ibne Shazan Ibne Khalil Azdi Nishapuri
He is the author of 180 books and was an extremely reliable person. Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) had invoked mercy for him, once or twice. He lived for years with people like Muhammad Ibne Abi Umair and Safwan Ibne Yahya and he was a point of reference for traditions after them.2


3- Abu Tammam Habib Ibne Aws Tai
He was the best poet of his age. In one panegyric, he has mentioned all the Imams till Imam Jawad (a.s.) as he died during the lifetime of Imam Jawad (a.s.) only. Jahiz has included him among leaders of Shia, which is the best evidence that he was a Shia. Such was his memory that in addition to panegyrics, he knew 14000 poems by heart. His Hamasa is a masterpiece of literature, although some bigoted people used to refrain from reading and writing his couplets. Abu Tammam passed away in Mosul in 231 A.H. and his tomb is situated there.3


4- Abul Hasan Ali Ibne Mahziyar Ahwazi

In a letter, Imam Jawad (a.s.) had written to him that I have tested you fully from the aspect of accepting good advice, obedience, service and according respect and found you one who fulfills all duties perfectly. If I say that I have not seen anyone like you, I might not be untrue in my claim. Although his father was a Christian, he gained such expertise in jurisprudence that he became a special confidant of the Imam and also represented him in some areas. On the contrary he continued to be the representative of Imam Ali Naqi (a.s.) as well. 662 His brother, Ibrahim and son, Muhammad Ibne Ali, are included among reliable companions of Imam Ali Naqi (a.s.).4


5- Thiqatul Islam Muhammad Ibne Abi Umair Baghdadi
Both friends and enemies have accepted his trustworthiness and majesty and some have considered him to be superior to Yunus Ibne Abdur Rahman, while it is famous that there is no jurist better than Salman Farsi and Yunus Ibne Abdur Rahman. Under orders of Mamun Rashid, he was lashed 120 times by Sanadi Shahik for the crime of being a Shia and then he was cast into prison from which he was able to purchase his freedom with 121000 dirhams as Ibne Umair was a wealthy man, or he would have remained in prison all his life. After paying such huge amount in tax to the regime, he became absolutely poor and the regime seized all his property. By chance a man had taken borrowed 10000 dirham from him.
When he learnt about his circumstances he sold his house and brought the amount to him. Ibne Abi Umair asked about the source of that money and was told that he had sold his house. He said: Take it back. My master, Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) has said that a man cannot be compelled to sell his house to repay a loan, although right now I am in need of every penny; but I cannot go against law of Shariah.5


6- Muhammad Ibne Sinan Abu Jafar Zahiri

Imam Muhammad Taqi (a.s.) has spoken highly of him and stated that Almighty Allah is pleased with him, because the Imam was pleased with him. He has neither opposed me nor my father.
This last statement shows that there were rumors about his opposition to the Imams and it was necessary for the Imam to exonerate him.
It is mentioned in his biography that he lost his eyesight and Imam Muhammad Taqi (a.s.) passed his hands over his eyes and restored his vision. Therefore apart from being a center of the trust of the Imam he was also a cause of miracle of the Imam. And only this much is sufficient for his greatness and trustworthiness.6
7- Ayyub Ibne Nuh Ibne Darraj Kufi
He was a reliable scholar and author of books. He was also the representative of Imam Reza (a.s.) and Imam Jawad (a.s.). 663 He was an extremely precautious and pious man.


8- Jafar Ibne Muhammad Ibne Yunus Ahwal
He was a companion of Imam Reza (a.s.) and Imam Jawad (a.s.) and was a trustworthy person.


9- Husain Ibne Saeed Ahwazi
He was a companion of Imam Reza (a.s.), Imam Jawad (a.s.) and Imam Hadi (a.s.) and author of around thirty books.7


10- Ali Ibne Asbat Ibne Saalim
He was a companion of Imam Reza (a.s.) and Imam Jawad (a.s.) and a reliable man and author of Tafseer. His veracity was famed and he was like a teacher to his companions.


1 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 229
2 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 230
3Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 232
4 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 233
5 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 234
6Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 236
7 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 280

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Imam ALi Naqi (as) Companions


1- Husain Ibne Saeed Ibne Hammad Ibne Saeed Ibne Mahran Ahwazi
He was originally from Kufa, but later on he had relocated to Ahwaz. He is included among companions of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.), Imam Jawad (a.s.) and Imam Hadi (a.s.). He passed away in Qom. He was the author of thirty books and his brother, Hasan penned fifty books and contributed in writing those thirty books also. The distinction of the books of Husain Ibne Saeed Ahwazi is that they are presented as models. He brought Ali Ibne Mahziyar, Ishaq Ibne Ibrahim Huzaini and Ali Ibne Rayyan to the Imam and was instrumental in their conversion to Shia faith.1


2- Khairan, servant of Imam Ali Reza (a.s.)
He also had got the honor of seeing three Imams and was among their confidants. Imam Hadi (a.s.) has appointed him as his representative and asked him to use his mind about adjudicating matters, as his opinion is same as opinion of the Imam and his obedience is same as obedience of the Imam.2


3- Abu Hashim Jafar Dawood Ibne Qasim Ibne Ishaq
Ibne Abdullah Ibne Jafar Ibne Abi Talib He was present from the time of Imam Reza (a.s.) to Imam Zamana (a.s.) and was also the representative of Imam Zamana (a.s.). He was an extremely pious and religious person. He passed away in 261 A.H. and was buried in Baghdad.


4- Abdul Azeem Ibne Abdullah Ibne Ali Ibne Hasan
Ibne Zaid Ibne Hasan Ibne Ali Ibne Abi Talib He is included among the senior-most scholars of traditions, prominent learned men of his time and the pious persons of Islam. He was a companion of Imam Hadi and Imam Jawad (a.s.). He is the narrator of numerous traditional reports. Of is distinctions is the fact that he got all his beliefs approved from Imam Ali Naqi (a.s.): Monotheism, non-attribution of corporeality, creator of whole universe; finality of prophethood of the Prophet of Islam; permanence of Shariah of seal of the prophets, Imamate of Holy Imams (a.s.), Imam Ali (a.s.), Hasan, Husain, Ali Ibnul Husain, Muhammad Ibne Ali, Jafar Ibne Muhammad, Musa Ibne Jafar, Ali Ibne Musa, Muhammad Ibne 688 Ali, Ali Ibne Muhammad. When Abdul Azeem stopped here, Imam (a.s.) said: After me, my son, Hasan Askari (a.s.) and after him his son, the last Hujjat, whose name cannot be pronounced before reappearance; he would go into occultation and in the end he would reappear and fill up the earth with justice and equity. After that His Eminence, Abdul Azeem mentioned that Meraj, questioning of the grave, Paradise, Hell, Siraat Bridge, Mizan and Qiyamat were all true and after beliefs, he mentioned practical acts like: prayers, Zakat, fast, Hajj, Jihad, Amr bil Maroof and Nahy Anil Munkar. Imam (a.s.) said: Indeed this is the religion that Almighty Allah has chosen for His servants.3


5- Ali Ibne Jafar Haminawi
He was a resident of Baghdad suburbs and was the representative of Imam Hadi (a.s.). When Mutawakkil learnt of this he threw him into prison and issued orders for his execution. He requested the Imam to pray for him and when Imam prayed, Mutawakkil fell suddenly ill and as ransom released all prisoners. Under orders of Imam (a.s.), he moved to Mecca and settled down there.4


6- Ibne Sikkit Ibne Yaqub Ibne Ishaq Ahwazi
He was among special companions of Imam Hadi and Imam Jawad (a.s.) and was an expert of literature and grammar. So much so that Mutawakkil appointed him as tutor of his sons. One day the tyrant asked: Who are superior, my sons or Hasan and Husain? In reply, initially Ibne Sikkit mentioned the excellence of Hasan and Husain and then said: Their slave, Qambar is also better than you and your sons. Mutawakkil punished him by having his tongue pulled out from behind his head and had him beaten so severely that he passed away. Since he was mostly silent, he was referred to as Ibne Sikkit (silent).5


1 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 280
2 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 280
3 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 281
4Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 282
5 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 282

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Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) Companions


1- Abu Ali Ahmad Ibne Ishaq Ibne Abdullah Ibne Saad Ibne Malik Ahwas Ashari.
He was an extremely reliable, trusted and pious man. He was from the companions of Imam Jawad, Imam Hadi and Imam Askari (a.s.). Many prominent scholars came from his family and the Imam has also praised him. He was also the representative of Imam (a.s.) and had the honor of seeing Imam Zamana (a.s.). He requested Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) for shroud cloth and the Imam told him not to worry, 惣ou will get it. Thus when he died on road to Kermanshah, Imam (a.s.) sent his servant, Kafur with the shroud and had him reach there miraculously. He gave the shroud and then companions buried him after praying the funeral prayers.1


2- Ahmad Ibne Muhammad Ibne Mutahhir
He is called as the special companion of Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.), which is a rank above ordinary companions and students. Thus during the last days of his Imamate, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) sent his mother for Hajj and appointed Ahmad Ibne Muhammad in charge of the journey and said: Even if people return fearing thirst, you must continue your journey; Insha Allah there is nothing to fear.2


3- Abu Sahl Ismail Ibne Ali Ibne Ishaq Ibne Abi Sahl Ibne Naubakht

He was the greatest theologian of Baghdad and possessed a sort of ministership. He has authored a number of books on different topics of which, Al-Anwaar fee Tarikhil Aimmatil Athar is particularly famous. He had the honor of seeing Imam Zamana (a.s.) as well and when Mansur Hallaj invited him claiming that he was the special representative of Sahibul Amr, he wrote back: If you really have this post, prove it to me by making the hair of my beard black and that I should not need to dye it. Mansur realized his helplessness and refrained from replying; but Abu Sahl mentioned this incident in gatherings all the time and degraded Mansur forever and proved his claim baseless; otherwise there was a possibility that a large number of people would have got deviated.

 


1 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 312; Kamaluddin, Shaykh Saduq

2 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 314; Isbatul Wasiyya, Masudi
3 Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Pg. 315
716

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Imam Mahdi (ajtfs) - Four Special Deputies

ZIYARAT OF Deputies
These gentlemen were entrusted with the task of deputation during period of Minor Occultation, and they fulfilled the duties of an ambassador. Their duty was not to deduce religious commandments through Quran and Sunnah; their function was to carry problems of community to Imam Zamana (a.t.f.s.), and after getting their reply convey it to the community. Although this does not demand extraordinary knowledge, understanding and expertise in deductions; and any generally qualified person can fulfill this task, but keeping in mind the circumstances of a lengthy occultation, Imam Asr (a.t.f.s.) selected in that period, persons who were highly learned and of excellent character, so that the community be aware even during Minor Occultation, that deputation of Imam (a.s.) cannot be performed by any common man. And also realize that self-knowledge and understanding is not to be used, and God forbid, if there is breach of trust, Imam is present there to correct it, and his connection with the community is in force. Therefore such high caliber persons were selected. So that when the stage comes of utilizing expertise of Ijtihad and all apparent connections of the reforming Imam would be severed how important would be the loftiness of knowledge and deeds of deputies and advocates of that time? And the Holy Imams have clearly hinted so in their respective periods about qualities of points of reference of religious commandments.
Following in brief are biographies of four Special Deputies of Imam Asr (a.t.f.s.):1


1- Uthman bin Saeed Amri

He was a companion and special representative of Imam Ali Naqi and Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.).2 As a cover, Uthman traded in edible oils and had set up a shop so that monies of Imam may be collected from those who came in guise of customers, and also to deliver the answers of their questions received from Imam (a.s.); due to this he is also called Samman (butter seller).3
Ahmed Ibne Ishaq Qummi, a renowned scholar, says that I said to Imam Ali Naqi (a.s.): 溺y master, many a time, I go away and then come to your vicinity, yet I am still not able to find access to you every time I come. So whose word should we accept and whose order should we obey? The Imam (a.s.) said: 典his is Abu Amr. He is trustworthy and honest. He is the trustworthy man of the past and my man of trust in my lifetime and after my death. Whatever he says to you, he says it from us; whatever he delivers to you, he does so from me. And after the demise of tenth Imam, I asked Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.), he replied exactly in the same manner. With regard to a group coming from Yemen, Imam said to Saeed: Go and collect the funds from them as you are trustworthy, and when people asked: You have raised his status too high, Imam replied: Uthman Ibne Saeed is my representative, and his son is the representative of my son.
After the martyrdom of Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.), Imam Asr (a.t.f.s.) too retained Uthman Ibne Saeed as his representative. As a special deputy and representative of Holy Imams (a.s.), he displayed such wonders that people were amazed. He informed about the amount of money and distinguished lawful and unlawful amounts without looking, and mostly replied without hearing the questions.4
We should know that this testimony from Imam Ali Naqi (a.s.) and Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) that 塗is word is my word and his message is my message, hints at such a position, for which he can be considered as Imams righteous follower and 壮ecure from mistakes also. Alas! If any claimant of faith could have got this certificate from Infallible! The period of Uthman Ibne Saeeds deputyship was five years.

2- Muhammad Ibne Uthman Ibne Saeed Amri
He was also appointed by Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) as the representative of his son. But when Uthman Ibne Saeed passed away, a letter of condolence arrived from Imam Zamana (a.t.f.s.) as follows: 的ndeed we belong to Allah and to Him we shall return! We submit to His command and are satisfied with His decree. Your father has lived in good fortune and has passed away with dignity. May Allahs mercy be upon him, he has joined his friends and masters. Your father was always in the affair of the Imams (a.s.) and whatever would bring him near to Allah. May Allah brighten his countenance! May Allah give you more rewardand from the success of that departed one it is sufficient that he had a son like you, who would succeed him in his place and invoke mercy for him. And I also say that thanks be to my Lord, because the hearts of Shias are happy because of what Allah had made in you. May Allah help you and make you succeed. May He be your guardian and protector.
Allamah Majlisi (r.a.) mentions referring Ghaibat Tusi that after the death of Uthman Ibne Saeed, Imam Asr (a.t.f.s.) sent this message about his son: 鄭nd his son, may Allah protect him, has always been our man of trust during lifetime of his father (a.s.). He is to us like his father and in his place. He orders according to our command and according to our command he acts. May Allah protect him from all calamities.6 The pious daughter of Muhammad Ibne Uthman Ibne Saeed, Umme Kulthum says: Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibne Uthman Amari had a number of books. He had written them on the subject of fiqh on the basis of his learning from Abu Muhammad Hasan (a.s.) and the Patron (a.s.) and from his father Uthman Ibne Saeed, who had procured his knowledge from Abu Muhammad and from Ali Ibne Muhammad (a.s.). They included books titled The Books of Drinks. Kabira, mother of Kulthum, daughter of Abu Jafar (a.s.) mentioned that the books reached Abul Qasim Husain Ibne Ruh at the time of the final will to him and they remained in his possession.
According to Muhammad Ibne Uthman Ibne Saeed, Imam Zamana (a.t.f.s.) comes to Hajj every year and even meets the people, but people cannot recognize him; as I too last met him in the Hajj while he was busy reciting this supplication near Kaaba, 徹 Allah! Fulfill my promise! and then went near Mustajaar and recited this Dua, 徹 Allah! Give me the opportunity to take revenge from enemies.8
He functioned as a special representative for forty years.

3- Husain Ibne Rauh
He was a special friend of Muhammad Ibne Uthman, but outwardly his position was lesser than Jafar bin Ahmad and people thought the fourth deputy would be Jafar bin Ahmad. So when the last moments of Muhammad Ibne Uthman arrived, Jafar bin Ahmad sat by his head and Husain Ibne Rauh at his feet. But as soon as Muhammad Ibne Uthman read the message of Imam (a.s.) that Husain Ibne Rauh has been appointed as special deputy, immediately Jafar bin Ahmad made him sit at the head and himself sat at his feet, as no one is more aware of circumstances better than Imam (a.s.), and it is our duty to submit before his command.9 In some narrations, it is mentioned that he (Husain Ibne Rauh) was more competent in preserving secrets of Imamate, and his behavior with all the people was such that everyone thought him to be having similar views and was proud that Husain Ibne Rauh was associated with them. And in those days of deputation and legateship more importance was accorded to secrecy and determination rather than excellence in knowledge, as even in thousands of calamities, security of Imamate should not be compromised at any cost.10
Imams descriptions for Husain Ibne Rauh were thus, 展e know him, may Allah let him know all that is good, and His pleasure, and may He render him fortuitous by success. We came across his letter. He is our man of trust on the position he is. He is before us in the position and rank that please him. May Allah increase His favors upon him; He is the All-Mighty Guardian. And praise belongs to Allah; there is no partner for Him. And may Allah bless His Messenger, Muhammad and his Progeny and salute them many salutations. His period of special deputation was twenty-one years.11

4- Abul Hasan Ali Ibne Muhammad Samari
He was appointed by Husain Ibne Rauh, on Imams order, and he fulfilled duties of deputation and ambassadorship in an orderly manner, passing on monies of people to Imam (a.s.) until his last moments approached and people inquired: Who will be your successor? He replied: It is not in my authority as Allah best knows His ways, and this is the message from Imam, which I received just now:12
的n the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate. 徹 Ali Ibne Muhammad Saymoori, may Allah enhance the reward of your brothers for you, as you shall die within six days. Tie up your affairs together and do not appoint any successor to carry out your duties after your final transfer. The full occultation has begun and there shall be no appearance but after Divine permission, high His name is, and that shall be after lengthy times, and the hardening of the hearts, and the earths repletion with inequity. Individuals who will claim they have seen me will come to my Shia. Behold, whoever claims seeing me before rise of Sufyani and the call, is a liar and a slanderer. And there is no power except through Allah, the High, the Great.13
Along with prohibiting successorship and legateship the mention of claimants of Mushahida (meeting at will) with Imam is clear proof that it does not denote that encounter means casual meeting; on the contrary Mushahida means deputyship in which regular meetings are held and messages are exchanged. Imam has rejected such encounters and called the claimants of such representation as liars and slanderers. If the meeting is one sided and someone describes his meeting or asks something on any occasion from Imam (a.s.), or seeks help in any problem and he is guided; all these things are beyond the limits of an encounter. In fact a person claiming encounter says: Hand over your problems and monies to me and in my next meeting I will present them to Imam (a.s.), and get the replies from him. Such claims, in fact, are claims of special deputyship, which was related to Minor Occultation, and in Major Occultation no such arrangement exists.14
After this analysis, the subject of meeting Imam Asr (a.t.f.s.) is absolutely clear, but two things are worth noting:
1- A person should be confident that he is Imam Asr (a.t.f.s), the devil should not deceive in the name of Imam (a.s.), and a person should pass away from the world in this fraud.
2- The meeting should be kept secret and not made public, because he does not have any proof, and in this way everyone gets the right to reject, and this, at times may become the rejection of Imams meeting or even construe to be an insult to the Imam; the responsibility of which rests on claimant, as the rejector still have the right to reject. His period of special deputation was only for three years and after that Major Occultation began.
1 Whose details are mentioned in Kifayatul Muwahhideen;
Ahsanul Maqal, Vol. 2, Chap. 14, Part 8, Pg. 436
761