Occasions on which it is obligatory
to observe the Qadha only
1697. In the following cases it is obligatory on a person
to observe a qadha fast only and it is not obligatory on him to give a Kaffarah:
- If a person is in Janabat during a night of Ramadhan and as detailed in
rule no. 1639 does not wake up from his second sleep till the time of Fajr
- If he does not commit an act which invalidates a fast but did not make
Niyyat to observe fast, or fasts to show off intends not to fast at all, or
decides to commit an act which invalidates a fast, then as an obligatory precaution,
he must give its qadha.
- If he forgets to do Ghusl of Janabat during the month of Ramadhan and fasts
for one or more days in the state of Janabat.
- If in the month of Ramadhan, a man without investigating as to whether
Fajr has set in or not commits an act, which invalidates a fast, and it becomes
known later that it was Fajr, he should as a precaution and with the Niyyat
of Qurbat, refrain from committing any further acts which invalidate the fast,
and give its qadha also.
- If someone else informs that it is not Fajr yet, and on the basis of his
statement one commits an act which invalidates a fast and it is later found
out that it was Fajr.
- If someone informs that it is Fajr and not believing his word or thinking
that the fellow is joking, he commits, without investigating, an act which
invalidates a fast and it becomes known later that it was Fajr.
- If a blind person, or any one like him, breaks his fast relying on the
statement of another person, and it is known later that Maghrib had not set
- When a person is certain that Maghrib has set in, and breaks his feet accordingly,
and later he learns that it was not Maghrib, he must give qadha. But if he
believed that Maghrib had set in because of cloudy weather, and broke his
fast, and later it became evident that Maghrib had not set in, he will observe
qadha of that fast as a precautionary measure.
- When one rinses his mouth with water because it has dried due to thirst
and the water uncontrollably goes down one's throat, qadha has to be given.
Similarly, as a recommended precaution, one should give a qadha if the mouthwash
was for a wudhu for Mustahab prayers, and the water went down the throat.
But if he forgets that he has kept a fast, or if he does the mouthwash, not
because of thirst, but for a wudhu for an obligatory prayers and water is
uncontrollably swallowed, there will be no qadha.
- If a person breaks his fast due to duress, helplessness or taqayyah, he
will observe qadha of the fast, but it is not obligatory on him to give a
1698. If a fasting person puts something other than
water in his mouth and it goes down the throat involuntarily, or puts water
in his nose and it goes down involuntarily, it will not be obligatory on him
to observe qadha of the fast.
1699. It is Makrooh to do excessive mouth washing for
a fasting person, and after the mouthwash if he wishes to swallow saliva, it
is better that he spits it out three times before doing so.
1700. If a person knows or feels that if he does a mouthwash
water will seep down his throat involuntarily, he should avoid it. And as an
obligatory precaution, he should avoid the mouthwash if he knows or feels that
water may trickle down his throat due to his own forgetfulness.
1701. If in the month of Ramadhan, a person becomes
sure after investigation that it is not Fajr and commits an act which invalidates
a fast, and it is later known that it was Fajr already, it will not be necessary
for him to offer qadha of that fast.
1702. If a person doubts whether or not Maghrib has
set in, he cannot break his fast. But if he doubts whether or not it is Fajr
he can commit, even before investigation, an act which invalidates a fast.