Taxable limit of sheep (including goats)
1921. Sheep has 5 taxable limits:
The 1st taxable limit is 40, and its Zakat is one sheep. And as long as the number of sheep does not reach 40, no Zakat is payable on them.
The 2nd taxable limit is 121, and its Zakat is 2 sheep
The 3rd taxable limit is 201, and its Zakat is 3 Sheep
The 4th taxable limit is 301, and its Zakat is 4 Sheep
The 5th taxable limit is 400 and above, and in this case calculation should be made in hundreds, and one sheep should be given as Zakat for each group of 100 sheep. And it is not necessary that Zakat should be given from the same sheep. It will be sufficient if some other sheep are given, or money equal to the price of the sheep is given as Zakat.
1922. It is not obligatory to pay Zakat for the number of sheep between the two taxable limits. So, if the number of sheep exceeds the first taxable limit (which is 40), but does not each the 2nd taxable limit (which is 121), the owner should pay Zakat on 40 sheep only, and no Zakat is due on the sheep exceeding that number, and the same rule applies to the succeeding taxable limits.
1923. When the number of camels, cows and sheep reaches the taxable limit, payment of Zakat an them becomes obligatory whether all of them are males or all are females, or some of them are males and some are females.
1924. In the matter of Zakat, cows and buffaloes are treated to be of the same class, and Arabian and non-Arabian camels are also of the same group. Similarly, for the purpose of Zakat, there is no difference between a goat, a sheep and a one-year old lamb.
1925. If a person gives a sheep as Zakat, it is necessary, as an obligatory precaution, that it should have at least entered the 2nd year of its life, and if he gives a goat it should have, on the basis of precaution, entered the 3rd year of its life.
1926. If a person gives a sheep as Zakat, there is no harm if its value is slightly less as compared with his other sheep. However, it is better that he should give as Zakat the sheep whose value is more than his other sheep, and the same rule applies for cows and camels.
1927. If some persons are partners, then the person whose share reaches the first taxable limit should pay Zakat. It is not obligatory on the person whose share does not reach the first taxable limit to pay Zakat.
1928. If a person has cows or camels, or sheep at various places, and combined together they reach the taxable limit, he should pay Zakat on them.
1929. Even if the cows, sheep and camels possessed by a person are unhealthy and defective, he should pay Zakat on them.
1930. If all cows and sheep and camels possessed by a person are unhealthy
and defective, he can play Zakat from amongst them. However, if all of them
are healthy and young and with no defect, he cannot pay the Zakat liable on
them from unhealthy, defective and old ones.
In fact, if some of them are healthy and others are unhealthy, and some are defective and others are without any defect, and some are old and others are young, the obligatory precaution is that he should give as Zakat those animals which are healthy, have no defect and are young.
1931. If before the expiry of the 11th month, a person changes his cows,
sheep and camels with something else, or changes his taxable limit with an equivalent
number of the same kind of animals - for example, if he gives 40 sheep and takes
new 40 sheep - it is not obligatory on him to pay Zakat, if this was not done
to avoid Zakat.
But if it was done to avoid Zakat, then as an obligatory precaution, Zakat must be paid if their benefits are common, like, if he exchanges milk-giving sheep for milk-giving sheep.
1932. If a person who is required to pay Zakat on cows, sheep and camels,
gives that Zakat from his other property, he should pay Zakat on the animals
every year as long as their number has not become less than the taxable limit.
But if he gives Zakat from those very animals and they become less than the
first taxable limit, payment of Zakat is not obligatory on him.
For example, if a person who owns 40 sheep, gives their Zakat out of his other property, he should pay one sheep every year as long as their number does not become less than 40, and if he pays Zakat from those very sheep, payment of Zakat will not be obligatory on him till such time when their number reaches 40.