Rules Regarding Waters
47. Mixed water, whose meaning has been explained in Article 15, does not make any najis thing Pak, and its use is not allowed for Ghusl or Wudhu.
48. Mixed water, however large its quantity may be, becomes najis when even a small particle of najasat falls in it. But, if it falls on a najis thing from above, with some force, the part which touches the najasat will become najis, and the part whic h does not touch it, will remain Pak. For example, if rose water is sprinkled on a najis hand from a sprinkler, the part which reaches the hand will be najis and the part which does not reach the hand, will remain Pak.
49. When najis mixed water is mixed with Kurr or running water, in a manner that it can no longer be called mixed water, it becomes Pak.
50. Water which was originally pure and it is not known whether it has turned into mixed water, will be treated as pure, i.e. it will make najis thing Pak and it will also be in order to perform Wudhu and Ghusl with it. But if it was originally mixed wa ter, and it is not known whether it has turned into pure water, it will be treated as mixed water, i.e. it will not make najis objects Pak, and it cannot be used for Wudhu or Ghusl.
51. Water about which it is not known whether it is pure or mixed, and it is also not known whether originally it was pure or mixed, will not make najis things Pak, and it is also not permissible to perform Wudhu or Ghusl with it. Also, it becomes naj is when a najasat reaches it, even if it is equal to a Kurr or more.
52. When an essential najasat like blood and urine reaches water, and changes its smell, colour, or taste,it becomes najis even if it is Kurr or running water. Similarly, if the smell, colour, or taste of the water changes owing to a najasat which is outside itfor example, if a carcass, which is lying by the side of the water, causes a change in smell, the water will be deemed najis, as an obligatory precaution.
53. If water which has become najis due to Najisul Ayn like blood or urine, which changed its smell, colour, or taste, joins Kurr-water or running water, or if rain water falls on it, or is blown over it by the winds, or rain water falls on it through the drain pipe while it is raining, the water will become Pak if the change vanishes. However, rain water, or Kurr water, or running water should get mixed with it.
54. If a najis object is made Pak in Kurr or running water, the water which falls from the object after it has become Pak, is Pak.
55. Water, which was originally Pak, and it is not known whether it has become najis, will be deemed Pak; and water, which was originally najis, and it is not known whether it has become Pak, is najis.
56. The leftover of a dog, a pig and a kafir, other than the people of the Book,is najis, and as a recommended precaution, the leftover of the people of the Book is also najis, and it is haraam to consume it. However, the leftover of the animals, whose m eat is haraam, is Pak, and with the exception of cat, it is Makrooh to eat or drink the leftover of a such animals.